OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 44, Iss. 9 — Mar. 21, 2005
  • pp: 1548–1558

Temperature imaging in nonpremixed flames by joint filtered Rayleigh and Raman scattering

Sean P. Kearney, Robert W. Schefer, Steven J. Beresh, and Thomas W. Grasser  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 44, Issue 9, pp. 1548-1558 (2005)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.44.001548


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (1425 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Joint fuel Raman and filtered Rayleigh-scattering (FRS) imaging is demonstrated in a laminar methane-air diffusion flame. These experiments are, to our knowledge, the first reported extension of the FRS technique to nonpremixed combustion. This joint imaging approach allows for correction of the FRS images for the large variations in Rayleigh cross section that occur in diffusion flames and for a secondary measurement of fuel mole fraction. The temperature-dependent filtered Rayleigh cross sections are computed with a six-moment kinetic model for calculation of major-species Rayleigh-Brillouin line shapes and a flamelet-based model for physically judicious estimates of gas-phase chemical composition. Shot-averaged temperatures, fuel mole fractions, and fuel number densities from steady and vortex-strained diffusion flames stabilized on a Wolfhard-Parker slot burner are presented, and a detailed uncertainty analysis reveals that the FRS-measured temperatures are accurate to within ±4.5 to 6% of the local absolute temperature.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.1740) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Combustion diagnostics
(120.5820) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Scattering measurements
(120.6780) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Temperature
(290.5860) Scattering : Scattering, Raman
(290.5870) Scattering : Scattering, Rayleigh

Citation
Sean P. Kearney, Robert W. Schefer, Steven J. Beresh, and Thomas W. Grasser, "Temperature imaging in nonpremixed flames by joint filtered Rayleigh and Raman scattering," Appl. Opt. 44, 1548-1558 (2005)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-44-9-1548


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. R. B. Miles, J. N. Forkey, and W. R. Lempert, "Filtered Rayleigh scattering measurements in supersonic/hypersonic facilities," paper AIAA-92-3894, presented at the 30th Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, Nevada, 6-9 January 1992 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, Va., 1992).
  2. G. S. Elliott, N. Glumac, C. D. Carter, and A. S. Nejad, "Two-dimensional temperature field measurements using a molecular filter based technique," Combust. Sci. Technol. 125, 351-369 (1997).
  3. G. S. Elliott, N. Glumac, and C. D. Carter, "Molecular filtered Rayleigh scattering applied to combustion," Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 452-466 (2001).
  4. D. Most and A. Leipertz, "Simultaneous two-dimensional flow velocity and gas temperature measurements by use of a combined particle-image velocimetry and filtered Rayleigh scattering technique," Appl. Opt. 40, 5379-5387 (2001).
  5. D. Hoffman, K. U. Munch, and A. Leipertz, "Two-dimensional temperature determination in sooting flames by filtered Rayleigh scattering," Opt. Lett. 21, 525-527 (1996).
  6. S. P. Kearney, T. W. Grasser, and S. J. Beresh, "Filtered Rayleigh scattering thermometry in a premixed sooting flame," presented at the American Society of Mechanical Engineers Joint Heat Transfer and Fluids Engineering Joint Summer Conference, Charlotte, N.C., 11-15 July 2004, ASME Paper HT-FED 2004-56894.
  7. S. H. Starner, R. W. Bilger, K. M. Lyons, J. H. Frank, and M. B. Long, "Conserved scalar measurements in turbulent diffusion flames by a Raman and Rayleigh imaging method," Combust. Flame 99, 347-354 (1994).
  8. S. H. Starner, R. W. Bilger, J. H. Frank, D. F. Marran, and M. B. Long, "Mixture fraction imaging in a lifted methane jet flame," Combust. Flame 107, 307-313 (1996).
  9. S. H. Starner, R. W. Bilger, M. B. Long, J. H. Frank, and D. F. Marran, "Scalar dissipation measurements in turbulent jet diffusion flames of air-diluted methane and hydrogen," Combust. Sci. Technol. 129, 141-163 (1997).
  10. Q. H. Lao, P. E. Schoen, and B. Chu, "Rayleigh-Brillouin scattering of gases with internal relaxation," J. Chem. Phys. 64, 3547-3555 (1976).
  11. V. Ghaem-Maghami and A. D. May, "Rayleigh-Brillouin spectrum of compressed He, Ne, and Ar. I. Scaling," Phys. Rev. A 22, 692-697 (1980).
  12. V. Ghaem-Maghami and A. D. May, "Rayleigh-Brillouin spectrum of compressed He, Ne, and Ar. II. The hydrodynamic region," Phys. Rev. A 22, 698-705 (1980).
  13. G. Tenti, C. D. Boley, and R. C. Desai, "On the kinetic model description of Rayleigh-Brillouin scattering from molecular gases," Can. J. Phys. 52, 285-290 (1974).
  14. N. Peters, Turbulent Combustion (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, UK, 2000).
  15. S. Gerstenkorn and P. Luc, "Absolute iodine (I2) standards measured by means of Fourier transform spectroscopy," Rev. Phys. Appl. 14, 791-794 (1979).
  16. C. D. Carter, "Laser-based Rayleigh and Mie scattering methods," in Handbook of Fluid Dynamics and Fluid Machinery, J. A. Schetz and A. E. Fuhs, eds. (Wiley, New York, 1996), pp. 1078-1093.
  17. J. P. Boon and S. J. Yip, Molecular Hydrodynamics (Dover, Mineola, N.Y., 1991).
  18. K. C. Smyth, J. H. Miller, R. C. Dorfman, W. G. Mallard, and R. J. Santoro, "Soot inception in a methane/air diffusion flame as characterized by detailed species profiles," Combust. Flame 62, 157-181 (1985).
  19. C. J. Mueller and R. W. Schefer, "Coupling of diffusion flame structure to an unsteady vortical flowfield," in the Twenty-Seventh Symposium plus CDROM (Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1998), pp. 1105-1112.
  20. D. C. Fourguette, R. M. Zurn, and M. B. Long, "Two-dimensional Rayleigh thermometry in a turbulent nonpremixed methane-hydrogen flame," Combust. Sci. Technol. 44, 307-317 (1986).
  21. S. H. Starner, R. W. Bilger, and M. B. Long, "A method for contour-aligned smoothing of joint 2D scalar images in turbulent flames," Combust. Sci. Technol. 107, 195-203 (1995).
  22. S. J. Chen, J. A. Silver, W. J. A. Dahm, and N. D. Piltch, "Mixture fraction measurements via WMS/ITAC in a laminar diffusion flame," in the Twenty-Ninth Symposium (International) of the Combustion Institute (Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 2002), pp. 1-10.
  23. S. J. Kline and F. A. McClintock, "Describing uncertainties in single-sample experiments," Mech. Eng. 75, 3-8 (1953).
  24. W. R. Fenner, H. A. Hyatt, J. M. Kellam, and S. P. S. Porto, "Raman cross sections of some simple gases," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 73-77 (1973).
  25. C. M. Penney, R. L. S. Peters, and M. Lapp, "Absolute rotational Raman cross sections for N2, O2, and CO2," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 712-716 (1974).
  26. W. P. Stricker, "Measurement of temperature in laboratory flames," in Applied Combustion Diagnostics, K. Kohse-Hoinghaus and J. B. Jeffries, eds. (Taylor & Francis, New York, 2002), p. 173.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited