The optical properties of barium strontium titanate (Ba0.7Sr0.3TiO3; BST) thin films are described. The BST thin films were epitaxially grown upon MgO (001) substrates by pulsed laser deposition. The crystallographic properties of the BST thin films were examined by x-ray diffraction. The BST thin films were highly optically transparent in the visible region. The optical waveguide properties were characterized by a prism coupling technique. An inverse-WBK method was employed to determine the refractive-index profile along the thickness of the BST films. Optical losses were measured by a moving fiber method, and the optical losses were found to be 0.93 dB/cm for the TE0 mode and 1.29 dB/cm for the TM0 mode at 1550 nm. Electro-optic (E-O) properties were measured by a phase-modulation detection method at 632.8 nm, and the BST films exhibited a predominantly quadratic E-O effect with a quadratic E-O coefficient of 6.64×10−18 m2/V2.
© 2006 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: January 24, 2005
Manuscript Accepted: October 10, 2005
Dan-Yang Wang, Helen Lai Wa Chan, and Chung Loong Choy, "Fabrication and characterization of epitaxial Ba0.7Sr0.3TiO3 thin films for optical waveguide applications," Appl. Opt. 45, 1972-1978 (2006)