OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 46, Iss. 15 — May. 20, 2007
  • pp: 2939–2948

Wavelength division multiplexing addressed four-element fiber optical laser hydrophone array

Yi Jiang  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 46, Issue 15, pp. 2939-2948 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.46.002939


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (6535 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A four-element hydrophone array system using a fiber Bragg grating laser system is described. The demodulation technique for the array combines a 3 × 3 coupler-based interferometer and three wavelength division multiplexers (WDMs). It is believed to be a new passive approach to use a WDM and a unique arithmetic method. The operational frequency limit depends only on the frequency of its electronic portion. The designed system has achieved a minimum of 7.2 × 10 7 pm / Hz detectable wavelength perturbation for frequencies that are greater than 200   Hz .

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sensors
(120.1880) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Detection
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(140.3510) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, fiber

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: October 18, 2006
Revised Manuscript: January 2, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: January 5, 2007
Published: May 1, 2007

Citation
Yi Jiang, "Wavelength division multiplexing addressed four-element fiber optical laser hydrophone array," Appl. Opt. 46, 2939-2948 (2007)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-46-15-2939


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. T. G. Giallorenii, J. A. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, Jr., J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, and R. G. Priest, "Optical fiber sensor technology," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 626-665 (1982). [CrossRef]
  2. P. Nash, "Review of interferometric optical fiber hydrophone technology," IEE Proc. Radar Sonar Navig. 143, 204-209 (1996). [CrossRef]
  3. N. Takahashi, K. Tetsumura, K. Imamura, and S. Takahashi, "Fiber-Bragg-grating WDM underwater acoustic sensor with directivity," in Proc. SPIE 3541, 18-26 (1998). [CrossRef]
  4. A. D. Kersey, T. A. Berkoff, and W. W. Morey, "High-resolution fiber-grating-based strain sensor with interferometric wavelength-shift detection," Electron. Lett. 28, 236-238 (1992). [CrossRef]
  5. A. T. Alavie, S. E. Karr, A. Othonos, and R. M. Measures, "A multiplexed Bragg grating fiber laser system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1112-1114 (1993). [CrossRef]
  6. K. P. Koo and A. D. Kersy, "Bragg grating based laser sensor system with interferometric interrogation and wavelength division multiplexing," J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1243-1249 (1995). [CrossRef]
  7. D. J. Hill, P. J. Nash, D. A. Jackson, D. J. Webb, S. F. O'Neill, I. Bennion, and L. Zhang, "A fiber laser hydrophone array," in Proc. SPIE 3860, 55-66 (1999).
  8. M. D. Todd, G. A. Johnson, and C. C. Chang, "Passive, light intensity-independent interferometric method for fiber Bragg grating interrogation," Electron. Lett. 35, 1970-1971 (1999). [CrossRef]
  9. M. D. Todd, M. Seaver, and F. Bucholtz, "Improved operationally passive interferometric demodulation mathod using 3 × 3 coupler," Electron. Lett. 38, 784-786 (2002). [CrossRef]
  10. G. A. Johnson, M. D. Todd, B. L. Althouse, and C. C. Chang, "Fiber Bragg grating interrogation and multiplexing with 3 × 3 coupler and a scanning filter," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1101-1105 (2000). [CrossRef]
  11. D. A. Brown, C. B. Cameron, R. M. Keolian, D. L. Gardner, and S. L. Garrett, "A symmetric 3 × 3 coupler based demodulator for fiber optic interferometric sensors," in Proc. SPIE 1584, 328-335 (1991).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited