OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 46, Iss. 16 — Jun. 1, 2007
  • pp: 3318–3322

Enhanced second-harmonic generation in an electro-optic controlled periodically poled ferroelectric crystal

Yan Sheng, Jingjuan Li, Bingying Cheng, and Daozhong Zhang  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 46, Issue 16, pp. 3318-3322 (2007)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (350 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We present a novel design of enhanced second-harmonic generation in a periodically poled ferroelectric crystal. It profits from enhanced light intensity and slowed group velocity, which occur near photonic band edges through electro-optic modulation. The designed structure, with 108 periods and a length of 322   μm , can generate a second-harmonic beam whose conversion efficiency is 2 orders of magnitude larger than the one produced by an equivalent length of quasi-phase-matching bulk medium. This result might be beneficial to the development of optics integration and compact devices.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.2260) Materials : Ferroelectrics
(160.4330) Materials : Nonlinear optical materials
(190.2620) Nonlinear optics : Harmonic generation and mixing

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: July 3, 2006
Revised Manuscript: January 9, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: January 10, 2007
Published: May 15, 2007

Yan Sheng, Jingjuan Li, Bingying Cheng, and Daozhong Zhang, "Enhanced second-harmonic generation in an electro-optic controlled periodically poled ferroelectric crystal," Appl. Opt. 46, 3318-3322 (2007)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. S. Matsumoto, E. J. Lim, H. M. Hertz, and M. M. Fejer, "Quasiphase-matched second-harmonic generation of blue light in electrically periodically poled lithium tantalate waveguides," Electron. Lett. 27, 2040-2042 (1991). [CrossRef]
  2. S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, "Quasi-phase-matched third-harmonic generation in a quasi-periodic optical superlattice," Science 278, 843-846 (1997). [CrossRef]
  3. K. Fradkin-Kashi, A. Arie, P. Urenski, and G. Rosenman, "Multiple nonlinear optical interactions with arbitrary wave vector differences," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023903 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. R. Lifshitz, A. Arie, and A. Bahabad, "Photonic quasicrystals for nonlinear optical frequency conversion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 133901 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. N. G. R. Broderick, G. W. Ross, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, and D. C. Hanna, "Hexagonally poled lithium niobate: a two-dimensional nonlinear photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4345-4348 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. L. H. Peng, C.-C. Hsu, and Y.-C. Shih, "Second-harmonic green generation from two-dimensional χ(2) nonlinear photonic crystal with orthorhombic lattice structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3447-3449 (2003). [CrossRef]
  7. S. Moscovich, A. Arie, R. Urneski, A. Agronin, G. Rosenman, and Y. Rosenwaks, "Noncollinear second-harmonic generation in submicrometer-poled RbTiOPO4," Opt. Express 12, 2236-22242 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. G. W. Baxter, P. Schlup, I. T. McKinnie, J. Hellostrǒm, and F. Laurell, "Single-mode near-infrared optical parametric oscillator amplifier based on periodically poled KTiOPO4," Appl. Opt. 40, 6659-6662 (2001). [CrossRef]
  9. C. Canalias, V. Pasiskevicius, M. Fokine, and F. Laurell, "Backward quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation in submicrometer periodically poled flux-grown KTiOPO4," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 181105 (2005). [CrossRef]
  10. P. G. Ni, B. Q. Ma, B. Y. Cheng, and D. Z. Zhang, "A two-dimensional nonlinear photonic crystal with a rectangular loop," Chin. Phys. Lett. 22, 519-521 (2003).
  11. J. Torres, D. Coquillat, R. Legros, J. P. Lascaray, F. Teppe, D. Scalbert, D. Peyrade, Y. Chen, O. Beiot, M. L. V. d'Yerville, E. Centeno, D. Cassagne, and J. P. Albert, "Giant second-harmonic generation in a one-dimensional GaN photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. B 69, 08515 (2004). [CrossRef]
  12. A. V. Balakin, V. A. Bushuev, N. I. Koroteev, B. I. Mantsyzov, I. A. Ozheredov, and A. P. Shkurinov, "Enhancement of second-harmonic generation with femtosecond laser pulses near the photonic band edge for different polarizations of incident light," Opt. Lett. 24, 793-795 (1999). [CrossRef]
  13. G. Vecchi, J. Terres, D. Coquillat, and M. L. V. d'Yerville, "Enhancement of visible second-harmonic generation in epitaxial GaN-based two-dimensional photonic crystal structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1245-1247 (2004). [CrossRef]
  14. M. Scalora, M. J. Bloemer, A. S. Manka, J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, R. Viswanathan, and J. W. Haus, "Pulsed second-harmonic generation in nonlinear, one-dimensional, periodic structures," Phys. Rev. A 56, 3166-3174 (1997). [CrossRef]
  15. E. Yablonovitch, "Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J. Sayeev, "Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486-2489 (1987). [CrossRef]
  17. P. V. Lenozo, E. G. Spencer, and A. A. Ballman, "Electro-optic coefficients of ferroelectric stromtium barium niobate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 23-24 (1967). [CrossRef]
  18. E. L. Venturini, E. G. Spencer, P. V. Lenzo, and A. A. Ballman, "Refractive index of strontium barium niobate," J. Appl. Phys. 39, 343-344 (1968). [CrossRef]
  19. A. Y. Wu, F. Wang, C. Juang, C. Bustamante, C. Yeh, and J. Diels, "Electro-optic and nonlinear optical properties of (Pb, La)(Zr, Ti)OKTiOPO3, BaTiO3, (Sr, Ba)Nb2O3, Ba2NaNb5O15, and beta-BaB2O4 thin films," in Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Applications of Ferroelctrics (IEEE, 1990), pp. 135-138.
  20. V. V. Gladkiǐ, V. A. Kirikov, T. R. Volk, D. V. Isakov, and E. S. Ivanova, "Specific features in the ferroelectric properties of Sr0.75Ba0.25Nb2O6 crystals," Phys. Solid State 45, 2171-2177 (2003). [CrossRef]
  21. S. U. Haq and G. G. Raju, "DC breakdown characteristics of high-temperature polymer films," IEEE Trans. Dielectr. Electr. Insul. 13, 917-926 (2006). [CrossRef]
  22. R. J. Pressley, Handbook of Lasers with Selected Data on Optical Technology (CRC Press, 1971).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited