OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 46, Iss. 20 — Jul. 10, 2007
  • pp: 4444–4454

Direct-detection Doppler wind measurements with a Cabannes–Mie lidar: B. Impact of aerosol variation on iodine vapor filter methods

Chiao-Yao She, Jia Yue, Zhao-Ai Yan, Johnathan W. Hair, Jin-Jia Guo, Song-Hua Wu, and Zhi-Shen Liu  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 46, Issue 20, pp. 4444-4454 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.46.004444


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2796 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Atmospheric line-of-sight (LOS) wind measurement by means of incoherent Cabannes– Mie lidar with three frequency analyzers, two double-edge Fabry–Perot interferometers, one at 1064   nm (IR-FPI) and another at 355   nm (UV-FPI), as well as an iodine vapor filter (IVF) at 532   nm , utilizing either a single absorption edge, single edge (se-IVF), or both absorption edges, double edge (de-IVF), was considered in a companion paper [Appl. Opt. 46, 4434 (2007)], assuming known atmospheric temperature and aerosol mixing ratio, R b . The effects of temperature and aerosol variations on the uncertainty of LOS wind measurements are investigated and it is found that while the effect of temperature variation is small, the variation in R b can cause significant errors in wind measurements with IVF systems. Thus the means to incorporate a credible determination of R b into the wind measurement are presented as well as an assessment of the impact on wind measurement uncertainty. Unlike with IVF methods, researchers can take advantage of design flexibility with FPI methods to desensitize either molecular scattering for IR-FPI or aerosol scattering for UV-FPI. The additional wind measurement uncertainty caused by R b variation with FPI methods is thus negligible for these configurations. Assuming 100,000 photons from Cabannes scattering, and accounting for the R b measurement incorporated into the IVF method in this paper, it is found that the lowest wind uncertainty at low wind speeds in aerosol-free air is still with UV-FPI, 32 % lower than with de-IVF. For 0.05 < R b < 0.07 , the LOS wind uncertainty is lowest with de-IVF, and for R b > 0.07 , the IR-FPI outperforms all other methods. In addition to LOS wind uncertainty comparison under high wind speed conditions, the need of an appropriate and readily available narrowband filter for operating the wind lidar at visible wavelengths under sunlit condition is discussed; with such a filter the degradation of LOS wind measurement attributable to clear sky background is estimated to be 5% or less for practical lidar systems.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.2440) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Filters
(280.3340) Remote sensing and sensors : Laser Doppler velocimetry
(280.3640) Remote sensing and sensors : Lidar
(290.1090) Scattering : Aerosol and cloud effects

ToC Category:
Remote Sensing

History
Original Manuscript: March 15, 2006
Revised Manuscript: November 21, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: January 19, 2007
Published: June 20, 2007

Citation
Chiao-Yao She, Jia Yue, Zhao-Ai Yan, Johnathan W. Hair, Jin-Jia Guo, Song-Hua Wu, and Zhi-Shen Liu, "Direct-detection Doppler wind measurements with a Cabannes–Mie lidar: B. Impact of aerosol variation on iodine vapor filter methods," Appl. Opt. 46, 4444-4454 (2007)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-46-20-4444


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. C.-Y. She, J. Yue, Z.-A. Yan, J. W. Hair, J.-J. Quo, S.-H. Wu, and Z.-S. Liu, "Direct-detection Doppler wind measurements with a Cabannes-Mie lidar: A. Comparison between iodine vapor filter and Fabry-Perot interferometer methods," Appl. Opt. 46, 4434-4443 (2007).
  2. A. Garnier and M. L. Chanin, "Description of a Doppler Rayleigh lidar for measuring winds in the middle atmosphere," Appl. Phys. B 55, 35-40 (1992).
  3. Z.-S. Liu, D. Wu, J.-T. Liu, K.-L. Zhang, W.-B. Chen, X.-O. Song, J. W. Hair, and C.-Y. She, "Low-altitude atmospheric wind measurement from the combined Mie and Rayleigh backscattering by Doppler lidar with an iodine filter," Appl. Opt. 41, 7079-7086 (2002).
  4. A. Papayannis, D. Balis, V. Amiridis, G. Chourdakis, G. Tsaknakis, C. Zerefos, A. D. A. Castanho, S. Nickovic, S. Kazadzis, and J. Grabowski, "Measurements of Saharan dust aerosols over the Eastern Mediterranean using elastic backscatter-Raman lidar, spectrophotometric and satellite observations in the frame of the EARLINET project," Atmos. Chem. Phys. 5, 2065-2079 (2005).
  5. V. B. Edward, M. A. Fenn, C. F. Butler, W. B. Grant, V. G. Brackett, J. W. Hair, M. A. Avery, R. E. Newell, Y. Hu, H. E. Fuelberg, D. J. Jacob, B. E. Anderson, E. L. Atlas, D. R. Blake, W. H. Brune, J. E. Dibb, Alan Fried, B. G. Heikes, G. W. Sachse, S. T. Sandholm, H. B. Singh, R. W. Talbot, S. A. Vay, R. J. Weber, and K. B. Bartlett, "Large-scale ozone and aerosol distributions, air mass characteristics, and ozone fluxes over the western Pacific Ocean in late winter/early spring," J. Geophys. Res. 108, 8805-8830 (2003), doi:. [CrossRef]
  6. C. Flesia and C. L. Korb, "Theory of the double-edge molecular technique for Doppler lidar wind measurement," Appl. Opt. 38, 432-440 (1999).
  7. B. M. Gentry, H. Chen, and S. X. Li, "Wind measurements with 355 nm molecular Doppler lidar," Opt. Lett. 25, 1231-1233 (2000).
  8. J. W. Hair, L. M. Caldwell, D. A. Krueger, and C.-Y. She, "High-spectral-resolution lidar with iodine-vapor filters: measurement of atmospheric-state and aerosol profiles," Appl. Opt. 40, 5280-5294 (2001).
  9. C. Souprayen, A. Garnier, A. Hertzog, A. Hauchecorne, and J. Portenuve, "Rayleigh-Mie Doppler wind lidar for atmospheric measurements. 1. Instrumental setup, validation, and first climatological results," Appl. Opt. 38, 2410-2421 (1999).
  10. U. von Zahn, G. von Cossart, J. Fiedler, K. H. Fricke, G. Nelke, G. Baumgarten, D. Rees, A. Hauchecorne, and K. Adolfsen, "The ALOMAR Rayleigh/Mie/Raman lidar: Objectives, configuration, and performance," Ann. Geophys. 18, 815-833 (2000).
  11. C.-Y. She, J. D. Vance, T. D. Kawahara, B. P. Williams, and Q. Wu, "An all-solid-state transportable narrowband sodium lidar for mesopause region temperature and horizontal wind measurements," J. Can. Phys. 85, 111-118 (2007).
  12. C. Nagasawa, Y. Shibata, M. Abo, T. Nagai, and O. Uchino, "Incoherent Doppler lidar using wavelengths for wind measurement," in Lidar Remote Sensing for Industry and Environment Monitoring, U. Singh, T. Itabe, and N. Sugimoto, eds., Proc. SPIE 4153, 338-349 (2001).
  13. J. A. Reagan, A. E. Galbraith, and J. D. Spinhirne, "Micro pulse lidar daytime performance: simulations and observations," in Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Remote Sensing for a Sustainable Future (IEEE, 1996), pp. 683-685.
  14. M. J. McGill, W. D. Hart, J. A. McKay, and J. D. Spinhirne, "Modeling the performance of direct-detection Doppler lidar systems including cloud and solar background variability," Appl. Opt. 38, 6388-6397 (1999).
  15. K. W. Fischer, V. J. Abreu, W. R. Skinner, J. E. Barbes, M. J. McGill, and T. D. Irgang, "Visible wavelength Doppler lidar for measurement of wind and aerosol profiles during day and night," Opt. Eng. 34, 499-511 (1995).
  16. R. M. Measures, Laser Remote Sensing (Wiley, 1984) p. 224.
  17. B.-Y. Liu, Z.-S. Liu, Z.-G. Li, Z.-A. Yan, R.-B. Wang, and Z.-B. Sun, "Wind measurements with incoherent Doppler Lidar based on iodine filters at night and day," in Reviewed and Revised Papers Presented at the 23rd International Laser Radar Conference, C. Nagasawa and N. Sugimoto, eds. (2006), pp. 55-58.
  18. J. N. Forkey, W. R. Lempert, and R. B. Miles, "Corrected and calibrated I2 absorption model at frequency-doubled Nd:YAG laser wavelengths," Appl. Opt. 36, 6729-6738, 1997.
  19. R. D. Bates, "Rayleigh scattering by air," Planet. Space Sci. 32, 785-790 (1984).
  20. C. Y. She, "Spectral structure of laser light scattering revisited: bandwidths of nonresonant scattering lidar," Appl. Opt. 40, 4875-4884 (2001).
  21. NOAA, NASA, and U.S. Air Force, U.S. Standard Atmosphere, 1976 (U.S. Government Printing Office: 1976O-588-256, 1976).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4 Fig. 5
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited