OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 46, Iss. 23 — Aug. 10, 2007
  • pp: 5902–5911

Recording schedule for partially coherent hologram multiplexing in a photorefractive medium

Terumasa Ito, Atsushi Okamoto, and Kunihiro Sato  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 46, Issue 23, pp. 5902-5911 (2007)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2345 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The exposure schedule for partially coherent hologram multiplexing, in which data pages are multiplexed by multiple signal beams and a single reference beam, is investigated in detail for the case of a π / 2 phase-shifted photorefractive medium. We found that the optimum recording schedule for partially coherent multiplexing cannot be determined by the classical recording schedule theory because of time-constant errors induced by partially coherent interaction between a reference beam and self-diffraction signal beams. To overcome the issue, we derive a modified recursion equation that accounts for the time-constant errors, and we also propose a novel iterative recording-schedule correction algorism for finding the optimum solution. In the calculation with hologram multiplicity of 30 and photorefractive coupling strength of 3.0, we could successfully obtain a flat diffraction-efficiency profile after the second recursion.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(090.4220) Holography : Multiplex holography
(190.5330) Nonlinear optics : Photorefractive optics
(210.2860) Optical data storage : Holographic and volume memories

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: January 29, 2007
Revised Manuscript: April 16, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: May 30, 2007
Published: August 9, 2007

Terumasa Ito, Atsushi Okamoto, and Kunihiro Sato, "Recording schedule for partially coherent hologram multiplexing in a photorefractive medium," Appl. Opt. 46, 5902-5911 (2007)

Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. D. Psaltis and G. W. Burr, "Holographic data storage," Computer 31, 52-60 (1998). [CrossRef]
  2. L. Hesselink, S. S. Orlov, and M. C. Bashaw, "Holographic data storage systems," Proc. IEEE 92, 1231-1280 (2004). [CrossRef]
  3. H. Horimai, X. Tan, and J. Li, "Collinear holography," Appl. Opt. 44, 2575-2579 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. F. Mok, "Angle-multiplexed storage of 5000 holograms in lithium niobate," Opt. Lett. 18, 915-917 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. C. Denz, G. Pauliat, and G. Roosen, "Volume hologram multiplexing using a deterministic phase encoding method," Opt. Commun. 85, 171-176 (1991). [CrossRef]
  6. A. M. Darskii and V. B. Markov, "Shift selectivity of holograms with a reference speckle wave," Opt. Spectrosc. 65, 392-395 (1988).
  7. G. Barbastathis, M. Levene, and D. Psaltis, "Shift multiplexing with spherical reference waves," Appl. Opt. 35, 2403-2417 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. T. Ito and A. Okamoto, "Volume holographic recording using spatial spread-spectrum multiplexing," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 1270-1276 (2006). [CrossRef]
  9. T. Ito and A. Okamoto, "Coherent parallel copying of holograms recorded by spatial spread-spectrum multiplexing," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 1270-1276 (2006). [CrossRef]
  10. T. Ito, A. Okamoto, and M. Bunsen, "Shift selectivity of spatial spread-spectrum holographic recording system," Proc. SPIE 6050, 66-73 (2005).
  11. C. C. Sun, W. C. Su, B. Wang, and A. E. T. Chiou, "Lateral shifting sensitivity of a ground glass for holographic encryption and multiplexing using phase-conjugate readout algorithm," Opt. Commun. 191, 209-224 (2001). [CrossRef]
  12. K. Anderson and K. Curtis, "Polytopic multiplexing," Opt. Lett. 29, 1402-1404 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. A. Pu, K. Curtis, and D. Psaltis, "Exposure schedule for multiplexing holograms in photopolymer films," Opt. Eng. 35, 2824-2829 (1996). [CrossRef]
  14. K. Bloetekjaer, "Limitations on holographic storage capacity of photochromic and photorefractive media," Appl. Opt. 18, 55-67 (1979).
  15. D. Psaltis, D. Brady, and K. Wagner, "Adaptive optical networks using photorefractive crystals," Appl. Opt. 27, 1752-1759 (1988). [CrossRef]
  16. E. S. Maniloff and K. M. Johnson, "Maximized photorefractive holographic storage," J. Appl. Phys. 70, 4702-4707 (1991). [CrossRef]
  17. F. H. Mok, G. W. Burr, and D. Psaltis, "System metric for holographic memory systems," Opt. Lett. 21, 896-898 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. H.-Y. S. Li and J. Hong, "Nonuniformity in hologram diffraction efficiency from time-constant error in the recording schedule," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 894-899 (1996). [CrossRef]
  19. M. L. DeLong, B. D. Duncan, and J. H. Parker, Jr., "Parametric extension of the classical exposure-schedule theory for angle-multiplexed photorefractive recording over wide angles," Appl. Opt. 37, 3015-3029 (1998). [CrossRef]
  20. G. W. Burr, W. Chou, M. A. Neifeld, H. Coufal, J. A. Hoffnagle, and C. M. Jefferson, "Experimental evaluation of user capacity in holographic data-storage systems," Appl. Opt. 37, 5431-5443 (1998). [CrossRef]
  21. M. G. Moharam and L. Young, "Reading and optical erasure of holograms stored by the photorefractive effect in lithium niobate," Appl. Opt. 17, 2773-2778 (1978). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. P. Yeh, Introduction to Photorefractive Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, 1993).
  23. M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, and A. Yariv, "Theory and applications of four-wave mixing in photorefractive media," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 12-30 (1984). [CrossRef]
  24. N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, and V. L. Vinetskii, "Holographic storage in electrooptic crystals. I. Steady state," Ferroelectrics 22, 949-960 (1979). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited