OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 46, Iss. 27 — Sep. 20, 2007
  • pp: 6821–6830

Spatial distribution of doubly scattered polarized laser radiation in the focal plane of a lidar receiver

Vadim Griaznov, Igor Veselovskii, Paolo Di Girolamo, Michail Korenskii, and Donato Summa  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 46, Issue 27, pp. 6821-6830 (2007)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1461 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Depolarization lidars are widely used to study clouds and aerosols because of their ability to discriminate between spherical particles and particles of irregular shape. Depolarization of cloud backscattered radiation can be caused also by multiple scattering events. One of the ways to gain information about particle parameters in the presence of strong multiple scattering is the measurement of radial and azimuthal dependence of the polarization patterns in the focal plane of receiver. We present an algorithm for the calculation of corresponding polarized patterns in the frame of double scattering approximation. Computations are performed for various receiver field of views, for different parameters of the scattering geometry, e.g., cloud base and sounding depth, as well as for different values of cloud particle size and refractive index. As the spatial distribution of cross-polarized radiation is of cross shape and rotated at 45° with respect to laser polarization, the use of a properly oriented cross-shaped mask in the receiver focal plane allows the removal of a significant portion of the depolarized component of the backscattered radiation produced by double scattering. This has been verified experimentally based on cloud depolarization measurements performed at different orientations of the cross-shaped mask. Results obtained from measurements are in agreement with model predictions.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(280.0280) Remote sensing and sensors : Remote sensing and sensors
(280.1100) Remote sensing and sensors : Aerosol detection
(280.3640) Remote sensing and sensors : Lidar
(290.4210) Scattering : Multiple scattering

ToC Category:
Remote Sensing and Sensors

Original Manuscript: January 30, 2007
Revised Manuscript: June 20, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: August 14, 2007
Published: September 19, 2007

Vadim Griaznov, Igor Veselovskii, Paolo Di Girolamo, Michail Korenskii, and Donato Summa, "Spatial distribution of doubly scattered polarized laser radiation in the focal plane of a lidar receiver," Appl. Opt. 46, 6821-6830 (2007)

Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. R. F. Cahalan, M. McGill, J. Kolasinski, T. Varnai, and K. Yetzer, "THOR--cloud thickness from offbeams lidar returns," J. Atmos. Ocean Technol. 22, 605-627 (2005). [CrossRef]
  2. L. R. Bissonnette and D. L. Hutt, "Multiply scattered aerosol lidar returns: inversion method and comparison with in situ measurements," Appl. Opt. 34, 6959-6975 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. G. Roy, L. C. Bissonnette, C. Bastille, and G. Vallee, "Estimation of cloud droplet size density distribution from multiple-field-of-view lidar returns," Opt. Eng. 36, 3404-3415 (1997). [CrossRef]
  4. G. Roy, L. Bissonnette, C. Bastille, and G. Vallee, "Retrieval of droplet-size density distribution from multiple-field-of-view cross-polarized lidar signals: theory and experimental validation," Appl. Opt. 38, 5202-5211 (1999). [CrossRef]
  5. L. R. Bissonnette, G. Roy, and N. Roy, "Multiple-scattering-based lidar retrieval: method and results of cloud probing," Appl. Opt. 44, 5565-5581 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. I. Veselovskii, M. Korenskii, V. Griaznov, D. N. Whiteman, M. McGill, G. Roy, and L. Bissonnette, "Information content of data measured with a multiple-field-of-view lidar," Appl. Opt. 45, 6839-6848 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. I. Carswell and S. R. Pal, "Polarization anisotropy in lidar multiple scattering from clouds," Appl. Opt. 19, 4123-4126 (1980). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. S. R. Pal and A. I. Carswell, "Polarization anisotropy in lidar multiple scattering from atmospheric clouds," Appl. Opt. 24, 3464-3471 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. N. Roy, G. Roy, L. R. Bissonnette and J.-R. Simard, "Measurement of the azimuthal dependence of cross-polarized lidar returns and its relation to optical depth," Appl. Opt. 43, 2777-2785 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. J. Rakovic and G. W. Kattawar, "Theoretical analysis of polarization patterns from incoherent backscattering of light," Appl. Opt. 37, 3333-3338 (1998). [CrossRef]
  11. F. B. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley, 1983).
  12. I. Veselovskii, A. Kolgotin, D. Müller, and D. N. Whiteman, "Information content of multiwavelength lidar data with respect to microphysical particle properties derived from eigenvalue analysis," Appl. Opt. 44, 5292-5303 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. I. Polonskii, E. Zege, and I. L. Katsev, "Lidar sounding of warm clouds and determination of their microstructure parameters," Izv. Acad. Sci. USSR Atmos. Oceanic Phys. 37, 624-632 (2001).
  14. A. Behrendt and T. Nakamura, "Calculation of the calibration constant of polarization lidar and its dependency on atmospheric temperature," Opt. Express 10, 805-817 (2002). [PubMed]
  15. E. W. Eloranta, "Practical model for the calculation of multiply scattered lidar returns," Appl. Opt. 37, 2464-2472 (1998). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited