OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 46, Iss. 29 — Oct. 10, 2007
  • pp: 7262–7266

Theoretical study on polarization dynamics of VCSELs with negative optoelectronic feedback

Wei Li Zhang, Wei Pan, Bin Luo, Xiao Feng Li, Xi Hua Zuo, and Meng Yao Wang  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 46, Issue 29, pp. 7262-7266 (2007)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (856 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We investigate theoretically the polarization dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) subjected to negative optoelectronic feedback. As we vary the feedback delay and strength, the VCSEL exhibits interesting nonlinear dynamics in the two-linear polarized directions. The output instability and negative current modulation induced by delayed feedback can also cause polarization switching (PS) to happen. In addition, we investigate the case when the free-running VCSEL emits in the modulated-elliptical state and find that the laser experiences in succession the elliptical polarization, the x-mode polarization, and the mixed-mode polarization states with an increasing feedback strength.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.3100) Nonlinear optics : Instabilities and chaos
(230.0250) Optical devices : Optoelectronics
(250.7260) Optoelectronics : Vertical cavity surface emitting lasers
(260.5430) Physical optics : Polarization

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: June 13, 2007
Revised Manuscript: August 5, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: August 31, 2007
Published: October 5, 2007

Wei Li Zhang, Wei Pan, Bin Luo, Xiao Feng Li, Xi Hua Zuo, and Meng Yao Wang, "Theoretical study on polarization dynamics of VCSELs with negative optoelectronic feedback," Appl. Opt. 46, 7262-7266 (2007)

Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. S. Tang and J. M. Liu, "Experimental verification of anticipated and retarded synchronization in chaotic semiconductor lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 194101 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. F. Y. Lin and J. M. Liu, "Nonlinear dynamics of a semiconductor laser with delayed negative optoelectronic feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 562-568 (2003). [CrossRef]
  3. M. C. Chiang, H. F. Chen, and J. M. Liu, "Experimental synchronization of mutually coupled semiconductor lasers with optoelectronic feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1333-1340 (2005). [CrossRef]
  4. S. Tang, R. Vicente, M. C. Chiang, C. R. Mirasso, and J. M. Liu, "Nonlinear dynamics of semiconductor lasers with mutual optoelectronic coupling," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 936-943 (2004). [CrossRef]
  5. G. Q. Xia, S. C. Chan, and J. M. Liu, "Multistability in a semiconductor laser with optoelectronic feedback," Opt. Express 15, 572-576 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, and M. W. Focht, "Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2999-3001 (1993). [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Hong, P. S. Spencer, and K. A. Shore, "Suppression of polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers by use of optical feedback," Opt. Lett. 29, 2151-2153 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. Paul, C. Masoller, Y. Hong, P. S. Spencer, and K. A. Shore, "Experimental study of polarisation switching of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers as a dynamical bifurcation," Opt. Lett. 31, 748-750 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. Sciamanna and K. Panajotov, "Route to polarization switching induced by optical injection in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Phys. Rev. A 73, 023811 (2006). [CrossRef]
  10. M. Sciamanna, C. Masoller, F. Rogister, P. Mégret, N. B. Abraham, and M. Blondel, "Fast pulsing dynamics of a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser operating in the low-frequency fluctuation regime," Phys. Rev. A 68, 015805 (2003). [CrossRef]
  11. M. Sondermann and T. Ackemann, "Correlation properties and drift phenomena in the dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical feedback," Opt. Express 13, 2707-2715 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. A. Tabaka, M. Pcil, M. Sciamanna, I. Fischer, W. Elsäßer, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, and K. Panajotov, "Dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers in the short external cavity regime: Pulse packages and polarization mode competition," Phys. Rev. A 73, 013810 (2006). [CrossRef]
  13. W. L. Zhang, W. Pan, B. Luo, X. F. Li, X. H. Zou, and M. Y. Wang, "Polarization switching of mutually coupled vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1276-1282 (2007). [CrossRef]
  14. J. Houliha, D. Goulding, T. Busch, C. Masoller, and G. Huyet, "Experimental investigation of a bistable system in the presence of noise and delay," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 050601 (2004).
  15. H. H. Lu, S. G. Tzeng, Y. W. Chuang, Y. C. Chi, and C. W. Liao, "Bidirectional radio-over-DWDM transport systems based injection-locked vcsels and optoelectronic feedback techniques," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 315-317 (2007). [CrossRef]
  16. M. S. Miguel, Q. Feng, and J. V. Moloney, "Light-polarization dynamics in surface-emitting semiconductor lasers," Phys. Rev. A 52, 1728-1739 (1995). [CrossRef]
  17. J. M. Regalado, F. Prati, M. S. Miguel, and N. B. Abraham, "Polarization properties of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 765-783 (1997). [CrossRef]
  18. T. Ackemann and M. Sondermann, "Characteristics of polarization switching from the low to the high frequency mode in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3574-3576 (2001). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited