OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 48, Iss. 12 — Apr. 20, 2009
  • pp: 2340–2343

Opto-optical gain-clamped L-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier with C-band control signal

A. A. A. Bakar, M. A. Mahdi, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. Shaari, and A. K. Zamzuri  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 48, Issue 12, pp. 2340-2343 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.48.002340


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (243 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We demonstrate an opto-optical gain-clamped L-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier by manipulating the C-band lasing wavelength as the control signal. The L-band gain-clamped value is achieved by tuning the control laser in the C-band wavelength range that propagates in the opposite direction to the L-band signal. Within the wavelength range of 1538 nm and 1560 nm , the L-band gain decreases linearly with the increment of the C-band lasing wavelength. The L-band gain dynamic range decreases with the increment of the cavity loss. By combining two different levels of cavity loss, the gain dynamic range of 10 dB from 11 dB to 21 dB is achieved with an average noise figure of less than 5.9 dB . The whole gain spectrum of the L-band can be used for multiple-channel amplification because the laser is created outside its signal band.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2410) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fibers, erbium
(140.3500) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, erbium
(140.4480) Lasers and laser optics : Optical amplifiers

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: January 22, 2009
Revised Manuscript: March 25, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: March 27, 2009
Published: April 14, 2009

Citation
A. A. A. Bakar, M. A. Mahdi, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. Shaari, and A. K. Zamzuri, "Opto-optical gain-clamped L-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier with C-band control signal," Appl. Opt. 48, 2340-2343 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-48-12-2340


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. H. Ono and M. Shimizu, “Analysis of gain dynamics of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers for wavelength-division-multiplexing networks,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 541-547 (2003). [CrossRef]
  2. T. Yoshikawa, K. Okamura, E. Otani, T. Okaniwa, T. Uchino, M. Fukushima, and N. Kagi, “WDM burst mode signal amplification by cascaded EDFAs with transient control,” Opt. Express 14, 4650-4655 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. Zirngibl, “Gain control in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers by an all-optical feedback loop,” Electron. Lett. 27, 560-561(1991). [CrossRef]
  4. H. Dai, J-Y. Pan, and C. Lin, “All-optical gain control of in-line erbium-doped fiber amplifiers for hybrid analog/digital WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 737-739 (1997). [CrossRef]
  5. T. C. Liang and S. Hsu, “All-optical gain-clamped L-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier with two feedback-loop lasing wavelengths,” Opt. Eng. 44, 115001 (2005). [CrossRef]
  6. S. Hsu, T-C. Liang, and Y-K. Chen, “Optimal design of optically gain-clamped L-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 196, 149-157 (2001). [CrossRef]
  7. S. W. Harun, S. K. Low, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmad, “Gain clamping in L-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier using a fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 293-296(2002). [CrossRef]
  8. S. W. Harun, N. Tamchek, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmad, “Gain clamping in two-stage L-band EDFA using a broadband FBG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 422-424 (2004). [CrossRef]
  9. S. Hsu and T-C. Liang, “The L-band EDFA of high clamped gain and low noise figure implemented using fiber Bragg grating and double-pass method,” Opt. Commun. 281, 1134-1139(2008). [CrossRef]
  10. M. A. Mahdi and H. Ahmad, “Long wavelength-band Er3+-doped fiber amplifier incorporating a ring-laser as a seed signal generator,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 7, 59-63 (2001). [CrossRef]
  11. S. Hwang and K. Cho, “Gain tilt control of L-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier by using a 1550 nm band light injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1070-1072 (2001). [CrossRef]
  12. E. Desurvire, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Principles and Applications (Wiley, 1994).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited