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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 48, Iss. 13 — May. 1, 2009
  • pp: 2480–2484

High-quality photonic crystal heterostructures fabricated by a modified self-assembly method

G. Q. Liu, Z. S. Wang, Y. B. Liao, H. H. Hu, and Y. Chen  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 48, Issue 13, pp. 2480-2484 (2009)

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High-quality three-dimensional photonic crystal (PC) heterostructures were fabricated using the modified self-assembly method, and their structural and optical properties were analyzed. Results suggest that the optical quality of heterostructures formed by depositing bigger particles on small ones is superior to that of heterostructures formed by stacking smaller particles on big ones, due to the rough interface effects in the latter structure. The roughness of the interface in the latter structure can be largely improved by introducing a thin two-dimensional planar defect layer into the PCs, and significant progress in the quality of the heterostructures is achieved. The important role of the thin planar defect layer in the quality of the heterostructures was also verified by numerical simulations.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(220.4000) Optical design and fabrication : Microstructure fabrication
(160.5293) Materials : Photonic bandgap materials
(230.5298) Optical devices : Photonic crystals
(250.6715) Optoelectronics : Switching

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystals

Original Manuscript: January 2, 2009
Revised Manuscript: March 31, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: April 7, 2009
Published: April 24, 2009

G. Q. Liu, Z. S. Wang, Y. B. Liao, H. H. Hu, and Y. Chen, "High-quality photonic crystal heterostructures fabricated by a modified self-assembly method," Appl. Opt. 48, 2480-2484 (2009)

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