OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 48, Iss. 18 — Jun. 20, 2009
  • pp: 3317–3321

Design and characterization of a nonuniform linear vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser array with a Gaussian far-field distribution

Jinjiang Cui, Yongqiang Ning, Yan Zhang, Peng Kong, Guangyu Liu, Xing Zhang, Zhenfu Wang, Te Li, Yanfang Sun, and Lijun Wang  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 48, Issue 18, pp. 3317-3321 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.48.003317


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (633 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A 980 nm bottom-emitting vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser array with a nonuniform linear arrangement is reported to realize emission with a Gaussian far-field distribution. This array is composed of five symmetrically arranged elements of 200 μm , 150 μm , and 100 μm diameter, with center spacing of 300 μm and 250 μm , respectively. An output power of 880 mW with a high power density of 1 k W/cm 2 is obtained. The divergence angle is below 20 ° in the range of operating current from 0 A to 6 A . The theoretical simulation of the near-field and the far-field distribution is in good agreement with the experimental result. The comparison between this nonuniform linear array, the single device, and the conventional two-dimensional array is carried out to demonstrate the good performance of the linear array.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3295) Lasers and laser optics : Laser beam characterization
(140.7260) Lasers and laser optics : Vertical cavity surface emitting lasers

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: February 17, 2009
Revised Manuscript: May 21, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: May 27, 2009
Published: June 10, 2009

Citation
Jinjiang Cui, Yongqiang Ning, Yan Zhang, Peng Kong, Guangyu Liu, Xing Zhang, Zhenfu Wang, Te Li, Yanfang Sun, and Lijun Wang, "Design and characterization of a nonuniform linear vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser array with a Gaussian far-field distribution," Appl. Opt. 48, 3317-3321 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-48-18-3317


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. D. Wiedenmann, R. King, C. Jung, R. Jager, and R. Michalzik, “Design and analysis of single-mode oxidized VCSELs for high-speed optical interconnects,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 503-511 (1999). [CrossRef]
  2. R. S. Geels, S. W. Corzine, and L. A. Coldren, “InGaAs vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1359-1367 (1991). [CrossRef]
  3. F. Mederer, R. Jager, P. Schnitzer, H. Unold, M. Kicherer, K. J. Ebeling, M. Natomi, and R. Yoshida, “Multi-Gigabit/s graded-index POF data link with butt-coupled single-mode InGaAs VCSEL,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 199-201 (2000). [CrossRef]
  4. R. Jäger, M. Grabherr, C. Jung, R. Michalzik, G. Reiner, B. Weigl, and K. J. Ebeling, “57% wallplug efficiency oxide-confined 850 nm wavelength GaAs VCSELs,” Electron. Lett. 33, 330-331 (1997). [CrossRef]
  5. N. Ueki, H. Nakayama, J. Sakurai, A. Murakami, H. Otoma, Y. Miyamoto, M. Yamamoto, R. Ishii, M. Yoshikama, and T. Nakamura, “Complete polarization control of 12×8-bit matrix-addressed oxide-confined vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser array,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L33-L35 (2001). [CrossRef]
  6. M. C. Amann, M. Ortsiefer, R. Shau, and J. Rosskopf, “Vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser diodes for telecommunication wavelengths,” Proc. SPIE 4871, 123-129 (2002). [CrossRef]
  7. P. Li, J. Sun, H. Chen, and W. Guo, “Study of the model of laser diode emitted beam based on multimode Gaussian distribution,” Proc. SPIE 6824, 68241H (2007). [CrossRef]
  8. “Lasers and laser-related equipment. Test methods for laser beam parameters, beam widths, divergence angle and beam propagation factor,” ISO 11146 (International Organization for Standardization, 1996).
  9. S. A. Riyopoulos, D. Dialetis, J. Liu, and B. Riely, “Generic representation of active cavity VCSEL eigenmodes by optimized waist Gauss-Laguerre modes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 312-327 (2001). [CrossRef]
  10. J.-F. Seurin, C. L. Ghosh, V. Khalfin, A. Miglo, G. Xu, J. D. Wynn, P. Pradhan, and L. A. D'Asaro, “High-power high-efficiency 2D VCSEL arrays,” Proc. SPIE 6908, 690808 (2008). [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Sun, Z. Jin, Y. Ning, L. Qin, C. Yan, G. Luo, G. Tao, Y. Liu, L. Wang, D. Cui, H. Li, and Z. Xu, “Fabrication and experimental characterization of high power bottom-emitting VCSELs,” Opt. Precision Eng. 12, 449-453 (2004).
  12. T. Li, Y. Ning, Y. Sun, C. Wang, J. Liu, Y. Liu, and L. Wang, “High-power InGaAs VCSELs single devices and 2-D arrays,” J. Luminescence 122-123, 571-573 (2007). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited