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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 48, Iss. 30 — Oct. 20, 2009
  • pp: 5811–5822

Ice crystal habits from cloud chamber studies obtained by in-line holographic microscopy related to depolarization measurements

Peter Amsler, Olaf Stetzer, Martin Schnaiter, Evelyn Hesse, Stefan Benz, Ottmar Moehler, and Ulrike Lohmann  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 48, Issue 30, pp. 5811-5822 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.48.005811


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Abstract

We investigate hydrometeor habits at the AIDA chamber with a newly developed in-line holographic microscope HOLographic Imager for Microscopic Objects (HOLIMO). Sizes and habits of ice crystals and droplets in a mixed-phase cloud experiment are related to relative humidity with respect to ice ( R H ice ), temperature (T), and experiment time. This experiment is initiated with supercooled water drops. As a result, ice crystals within a maximum particle diameter size range of 2 to 118 μm (average size of 19 μm ) are detected and 63% of them reveal regular habits. The observed particle habits match those predicted for a given R H ice and T. Two different growth modes emerge from this cloud. The first one appears during water injection and reveals mainly optical particle sizes in the range of 5 to 250 μm . The second mode grows to sizes of 5 to 63 μm , just after the particles of the first one fall out. It is found that an increasing aspect ratio χ of maximum length over thickness from 2 to 20 as obtained by HOLIMO corresponds to a decreasing linear depolarization ratio from 0.1 to 0.04, as independently obtained by depolarization measurements.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.2940) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Ice crystal phenomena
(090.1995) Holography : Digital holography

ToC Category:
Holography

History
Original Manuscript: March 26, 2009
Revised Manuscript: September 23, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: September 27, 2009
Published: October 16, 2009

Citation
Peter Amsler, Olaf Stetzer, Martin Schnaiter, Evelyn Hesse, Stefan Benz, Ottmar Moehler, and Ulrike Lohmann, "Ice crystal habits from cloud chamber studies obtained by in-line holographic microscopy related to depolarization measurements," Appl. Opt. 48, 5811-5822 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-48-30-5811


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