OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 48, Iss. 31 — Nov. 1, 2009
  • pp: G114–G118

Femtosecond laser fabrication of microfluidic channels for organic photonic devices

Krishna Chaitanya Vishnubhatla, Jenny Clark, Guglielmo Lanzani, Roberta Ramponi, Roberto Osellame, and Tersilla Virgili  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 48, Issue 31, pp. G114-G118 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.48.00G114


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (536 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We report on innovative application of microchannels with access holes fabricated by femtosecond laser irradiation followed by chemical etching. This technique allows us to demonstrate a novel approach to the achievement of organic photonic devices in which the properties of a conjugated polymer in solution are exploited in a microfluidic configuration to produce an easy-to-integrate photonic device. Filling the microchannel with a diluted polyfluorene solution, we exploit the unique properties of isolated polymeric chains such as ultrafast gain switching (switching response time of 150 fs ) with a 100% on–off ratio. In addition, by dispersing nanoparticles in the polymeric solution we are able to achieve random lasing in the microchannel.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3460) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers
(160.5470) Materials : Polymers
(130.4815) Integrated optics : Optical switching devices

History
Original Manuscript: July 6, 2009
Revised Manuscript: October 5, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: October 9, 2009
Published: October 20, 2009

Virtual Issues
Vol. 4, Iss. 13 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Krishna Chaitanya Vishnubhatla, Jenny Clark, Guglielmo Lanzani, Roberta Ramponi, Roberto Osellame, and Tersilla Virgili, "Femtosecond laser fabrication of microfluidic channels for organic photonic devices," Appl. Opt. 48, G114-G118 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-48-31-G114


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. D. Psaltis, S. R. Quake, and C. Yang, “Developing optofluidic technology through the fusion of microfluidics and optics,” Nature 442, 381-386 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. C. Monat, P. Domachuk, and B. J. Eggleton, “Integrated optofluidics: a new river of light,” Nat. Photon. 1, 106-114 (2007). [CrossRef]
  3. Z. Y. Li, and D. Psaltis, “Optofluidic dye lasers,” Microfluid. Nanofluid. 4, 145-158 (2008). [CrossRef]
  4. D. Erickson and D. Q. Li, “Integrated microfluidic devices,” Anal. Chim. Acta 507, 11-26 (2004). [CrossRef]
  5. K. C. Vishnubhatla, J. Clark, G. Lanzani, R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, and T. Virgili, “Ultrafast optofluidic gain switch based on conjugated polymer in femtosecond laser fabricated microchannels,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 041123 (2009). [CrossRef]
  6. R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photon. 2, 219-225 (2008). [CrossRef]
  7. R. Osellame, V. Maselli, R. Martinez Vazquez, R. Ramponi, and G. Cerullo, “Integration of optical waveguides and microfluidic channels both fabricated by femtosecond laser irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 231118 (2007). [CrossRef]
  8. K. C. Vishnubhatla, N. Bellini, R. Ramponi, G. Cerullo, and R. Osellame, “Shape control of microchannels fabricated in fused silica by femtosecond laser irradiation and chemical etching,” Opt. Express 17, 8685-8695 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, “Writing waveguides in glass with a femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1729-1731 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. C. B. Schaffer, A. Brodeur, J. F. García, and E. Mazur, “Micromachining bulk glass by use of femtosecond laser pulses with nanojoule energy,” Opt. Lett. 26, 93-95 (2001). [CrossRef]
  11. R. Osellame, S. Taccheo, M. Marangoni, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, D. Polli, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Femtosecond writing of active optical waveguides with astigmatically shaped beams,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1559-1567 (2003). [CrossRef]
  12. S. Nolte, M. Will, J. Burghoff, and A. Tuennermann, “Femtosecond waveguide writing: a new avenue to three dimensional integrated optics,” Appl. Phys. A 77, 109-111 (2003). [CrossRef]
  13. S. M. Eaton, H. Zhang, and “Heat accumulation effects in femtosecond laser-written waveguides with variable repetition rate,” Opt. Express 13, 4708-4716 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A. Ymeti, J. S. Kanger, J. Greve, G. A. J. Besselink, P. V. Lambeck, R. Wijn, and R. G. Heideman, “Integration of microfluidics with a four-channel integrated optical Young interferometer immunosensor,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 20, 1417-1421 (2005). [CrossRef]
  15. T. Virgili, D. Marinotto, G. Lanzani, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Ultrafast resonant optical switching in isolated polyfluorenes chains,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 091113 (2005). [CrossRef]
  16. C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, D. M. Rayner, V. R. Bhardwaj, and P. B. Corkum, “Fabrication of microchannels in glass using focused femtosecond laser radiation and selective chemical etching,” Appl. Phys. A 84, 47-61 (2006). [CrossRef]
  17. A. Marcinkevicius, S. Juodkazis, M. Watanabe, M. Miwa, S. Matsuo, H. Misawa, and J. Nishii, “Femtosecond laser-assisted three-dimensional microfabrication in silica,” Opt. Lett. 26, 277-279 (2001). [CrossRef]
  18. Y. Bellouard, A. Said, M. Dugan, and P. Bado, “Fabrication of high-aspect ratio, micro-fluidic channels and tunnels using femtosecond laser pulses and chemical etching,” Opt. Express 12, 2120-2129 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. V. Maselli, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, L. Magagnin, and P. L. Cavallotti, “Fabrication of long microchannels with circular cross section using astigmatically shaped femtosecond laser pulses and chemical etching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 191107 (2006). [CrossRef]
  20. D. D. C. Bradley, M. Grell, X. Long, H. Mellor, A. Grice, M. Inbasekaran, and E. P. Woo, “Influence of aggregation on the optical properties of a polyfluorene,” Proc. SPIE 3145, 254-259 (1997). [CrossRef]
  21. A. W. Grice, D. D. C. Bradley, M. T. Bernius, M. Inbasekaran, W. W. Wu, and E. P. Woo, “High brightness and efficiency blue light-emitting polymer diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 629-631 (1998). [CrossRef]
  22. T. Virgili, D. Marinotto, C. Manzoni, G. Cerullo, and G. Lanzani, “Ultrafast intrachain photoexcitation of polymeric semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 117402 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. A. Gambetta, T. Virgili, and G. Lanzani, “Ultrafast excitation cross-correlation photoconductivity in polyfluorene photodiodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 253509 (2005). [CrossRef]
  24. C. Gadermaier, G. Cerullo, G. Sansone, G. Leising, U. Scherf, and G. Lanzani, “Time-resolved charge carrier generation from higher lying excited states in conjugated polymers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 117402 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. D. S. Wiersma, “The physics and applications of random lasers,” Nature Phys. 4, 359-367 (2008). [CrossRef]
  26. G. D. Dice, S. Mujumdar, and A. Y. Elezzabi, “Plasmonically enhanced diffusive and subdiffusive metal nanoparticle-dye random laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 131105 (2005). [CrossRef]
  27. I. D. W. Samuel and G. A. Turnbull, “Organic semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers,” Chem. Rev. 107, 1272-1295 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. O. Svelto, Principles of Lasers, 4th ed. (Plenum, 2008).
  29. S. Perissinotto, G. Lanzani, M. Zavelani-Rossi, M. Salerno, and G. Gigli, “Ultrafast optical switching in distributed feedback polymer laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 191108 (2007). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited