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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 48, Iss. 5 — Feb. 10, 2009
  • pp: 842–846

L-band automatic-gain-controlled erbium-doped fiber amplifier utilizing C-band backward-amplified spontaneous emission and electrical feedback monitor

Jyi-Lai Shen, Yueh-Chien Lee, and Chia-Chih Huang  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 48, Issue 5, pp. 842-846 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.48.000842


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Abstract

A new L-band automatic-gain-controlled (AGC) erbium-doped fiber amplifier (EDFA) for dense wavelength-division-multiplexing transmission systems is presented, in which a single 1480 nm laser with an internal thermoelectric cooler is used as a primary pump for stable amplification. All C-band amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) is recycled by the secondary pump to enhance the gain efficiency. A fraction of the output signal is used as an electrical feedback monitor for the AGC to improve the gain-clamped (GC) flatness. Experimental results prove that the AGC EDFA has a gain flatness of better than 0.46 dB / 40 nm , i.e., below 1.5%, and a higher gain of approximately 36.5 dB compared to that of approximately 35.3 dB for the conventional GC EDFA at 30 dBm input signal power. The best gain flatness of ± 0.25 dB can be achieved over the dynamic range greater than 20 dB . The dynamic range of noise figure is between 6.7 and 7.1. The 3 dB down bandwidth is more than 40 nm . Overall dynamics measurements for the AGC EDFA feedback stabilization have been carried out. The recorded corresponding rise time of 1.565 ms indicates that the system does not exhibit any overshoot of gain or ASE variation due to the signal at the beginning of the pulse.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.4510) Fiber optics and optical communications : Optical communications
(140.3280) Lasers and laser optics : Laser amplifiers
(230.4480) Optical devices : Optical amplifiers

ToC Category:
Optoelectronics

History
Original Manuscript: September 2, 2008
Revised Manuscript: December 2, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: December 19, 2008
Published: February 2, 2009

Citation
Jyi-Lai Shen, Yueh-Chien Lee, and Chia-Chih Huang, "L-band automatic-gain-controlled erbium-doped fiber amplifier utilizing C-band backward-amplified spontaneous emission and electrical feedback monitor," Appl. Opt. 48, 842-846 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-48-5-842

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