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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 49, Iss. 16 — Jun. 1, 2010
  • pp: 3208–3214

Design and optimization of highly nonlinear low-dispersion crystal fiber with high birefringence for four-wave mixing

Ya-Ni Zhang, Li-Yong Ren, Yong-Kang Gong, Xiao-Hui Li, Lei-Ran Wang, and Chuan-Dong Sun  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 49, Issue 16, pp. 3208-3214 (2010)

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We have proposed a novel type of photonic crystal fiber (PCF) with low dispersion and high nonlinearity for four-wave mixing. This type of fiber is composed of a solid silica core and a cladding with a squeezed hexagonal lattice elliptical airhole along the fiber length. Its dispersion and nonlinearity coefficient are investigated simultaneously by using the full vectorial finite element method. Numerical results show that the proposed highly nonlinear low-dispersion fiber has a total dispersion as low as ± 2.5 ps nm 1 km 1 over an ultrabroad wavelength range from 1.43 to 1.8 μm , and the corresponding nonlinearity coefficient and birefringence are about 150 W 1 km 1 and 2.5 × 10 3 at 1.55 μm , respectively. The proposed PCF with low ultraflattened dispersion, high nonlinearity, and high birefringence can have important application in four-wave mixing.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2270) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber characterization
(060.2280) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber design and fabrication
(060.5295) Fiber optics and optical communications : Photonic crystal fibers

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: December 15, 2009
Revised Manuscript: April 22, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: April 30, 2010
Published: May 31, 2010

Ya-Ni Zhang, Li-Yong Ren, Yong-Kang Gong, Xiao-Hui Li, Lei-Ran Wang, and Chuan-Dong Sun, "Design and optimization of highly nonlinear low-dispersion crystal fiber with high birefringence for four-wave mixing," Appl. Opt. 49, 3208-3214 (2010)

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