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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 49, Iss. 3 — Jan. 20, 2010
  • pp: 513–519

Propagation of ultrashort laser pulses in water: linear absorption and onset of nonlinear spectral transformation

Alexei V. Sokolov, Lucas M. Naveira, Milan P. Poudel, James Strohaber, Cynthia S. Trendafilova, William C. Buck, Jieyu Wang, Benjamin D. Strycker, Chao Wang, Hans Schuessler, Alexandre Kolomenskii, and George W. Kattawar  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 49, Issue 3, pp. 513-519 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.49.000513


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Abstract

We study propagation of short laser pulses through water and use a spectral hole filling technique to essentially perform a sensitive balanced comparison of absorption coefficients for pulses of different duration. This study is motivated by an alleged violation of the Bouguer–Lambert–Beer law at low light intensities, where the pulse propagation is expected to be linear, and by a possible observation of femtosecond optical precursors in water. We find that at low intensities, absorption of laser light is determined solely by its spectrum and does not directly depend on the pulse duration, in agreement with our earlier work and in contradiction to some work of others. However, as the laser fluence is increased, interaction of light with water becomes nonlinear, causing energy exchange among the pulse’s spectral components and resulting in peak-intensity dependent (and therefore pulse-duration dependent) transmission. For 30 fs pulses at 800 nm center wavelength, we determine the onset of nonlinear propagation effects to occur at a peak value of about 0.12 mJ / cm 2 of input laser energy fluence.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(320.2250) Ultrafast optics : Femtosecond phenomena
(320.5540) Ultrafast optics : Pulse shaping
(320.7110) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast nonlinear optics
(320.7120) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast phenomena

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

History
Original Manuscript: October 12, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: December 2, 2009
Published: January 20, 2010

Citation
Alexei V. Sokolov, Lucas M. Naveira, Milan P. Poudel, James Strohaber, Cynthia S. Trendafilova, William C. Buck, Jieyu Wang, Benjamin D. Strycker, Chao Wang, Hans Schuessler, Alexandre Kolomenskii, and George W. Kattawar, "Propagation of ultrashort laser pulses in water: linear absorption and onset of nonlinear spectral transformation," Appl. Opt. 49, 513-519 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-49-3-513


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