OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 50, Iss. 25 — Sep. 1, 2011
  • pp: E24–E31

Adjustable noiselike pulses from a figure-eight fiber laser

Olivier Pottiez, Rubén Grajales-Coutiño, Baldemar Ibarra-Escamilla, Evgeny A. Kuzin, and Juan Carlos Hernández-García  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 50, Issue 25, pp. E24-E31 (2011)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (666 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We propose and study experimentally and numerically a passively mode-locked figure-eight fiber laser scheme generating noiselike optical pulses, or subns wave packets with a fine inner structure of subps pulses presenting random amplitudes and durations. The particular design of the nonlinear optical loop mirror (NOLM) used in this laser, relying on nonlinear polarization rotation, allows adjusting the switching power through input polarization control. Experimental results show stable pulsed operation over a limited range of the NOLM input polarization angle. Interestingly, the spectral and temporal characteristics of these pulses are observed to be widely variable over that range. In particular, the spectral width varies from 16 to 52 nm and this spectral variation is associated with an inverse evolution in the durations of the bunch and of the inner ultrashort pulses. Simulation results are in good agreement with the experiment. They confirm the strong dependence of the pulse properties on the value of the NOLM switching power, although NOLM switching is not alone responsible for the appearance of the noiselike pulsing mode.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.4050) Lasers and laser optics : Mode-locked lasers
(190.4370) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, fibers
(140.3538) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, pulsed
(060.3510) Fiber optics and optical communications : Lasers, fiber

Original Manuscript: March 29, 2011
Revised Manuscript: May 18, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: May 19, 2011
Published: June 27, 2011

Olivier Pottiez, Rubén Grajales-Coutiño, Baldemar Ibarra-Escamilla, Evgeny A. Kuzin, and Juan Carlos Hernández-García, "Adjustable noiselike pulses from a figure-eight fiber laser," Appl. Opt. 50, E24-E31 (2011)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. V. J. Matsas, D. J. Richardson, T. P. Newson, and D. N. Payne, “Characterization of a self-starting, passively mode-locked fiber ring laser that exploits nonlinear polarization evolution,” Opt. Lett. 18, 358–360 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. I. N. Duling III, “All-fiber ring soliton laser mode locked with a nonlinear mirror,” Opt. Lett. 16, 539–541 (1991). [CrossRef]
  3. N. J. Doran and D. Wood, “Nonlinear optical loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 13, 56–58 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. E. Fermann, F. Haberl, and M. Hofer, “Nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 15, 752–754 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. F. Ö. Ilday, F. W. Wise, and T. Sosnowski, “High-energy femtosecond stretched-pulse fiber laser with a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1531–1533 (2002). [CrossRef]
  6. M. Horowitz, Y. Barad, and Y. Silberberg, “Noiselike pulses with a broadband spectrum generated from an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 22, 799–801 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. Horowitz and Y. Silberberg, “Control of noiselike pulse generation in erbium-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1389–1391 (1998). [CrossRef]
  8. J. U. Kang, “Broadband quasi-stationary pulses in mode-locked fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 182, 433–436 (2000). [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Takushima, K. Yasunaka, Y. Ozeki, and K. Kikuchi, “87 nm bandwidth noise-like pulse generation from erbium-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 41, 399–400 (2005). [CrossRef]
  10. D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and B. Zhao, “Soliton collapse and bunched noise-like pulse generation in a passively mode-locked fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 13, 2289–2294 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. L. M. Zhao and D. Y. Tang, “Generation of 15 nJ bunched noise-like pulses with 93 nm bandwidth in an erbium doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. B 83, 553–557 (2006). [CrossRef]
  12. L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, and J. Wu, “Noise-like pulse in a gain-guided soliton fiber laser,” Opt. Express 15, 2145–2150 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. S. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, S. Smirnov, S. Turitsyn, and A. Latkin, “Generation of double-scale femto/pico-second optical lumps in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 17, 20707–20713(2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. L. Dennis, M. A. Putnam, J. U. Kang, T.-E. Tsai, I. N. Duling III, and E. J. Friebele, “Grating sensor array demodulation by use of a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1362–1364 (1997). [CrossRef]
  15. K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, “77 fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1080–1082 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. L. E. Nelson, S. B. Fleischer, G. Lenz, and E. P. Ippen, “Efficient frequency doubling of a femtosecond fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1759–1761 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. J. R. Buckley, F. W. Wise, F. Ö. Ilday, and T. Sosnowski, “Femtosecond fiber lasers with pulse energies above 10 nJ,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1888–1890 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. A. I. Chernykh and S. K. Turitsyn, “Soliton and collapse regimes of pulse generation in passively mode locking laser systems,” Opt. Lett. 20, 398–400 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. M. Attygalle, A. Nirmalathas, and H. F. Liu, “Novel technique for reduction of amplitude modulation of pulse trains generated by subharmonic synchronous mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 543–545 (2002). [CrossRef]
  20. W. S. Wong, S. Namiki, M. Margalit, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Self-switching of optical pulses in dispersion-imbalanced nonlinear loop mirrors,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1150–1152(1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. E. A. Kuzin, N. Korneev, J. W. Haus, and B. Ibarra-Escamilla, “Theory of nonlinear loop mirrors with twisted low-birefringence fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 919–925 (2001). [CrossRef]
  22. O. Pottiez, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and F. Mendez-Martinez, “Theoretical investigation of the NOLM with highly twisted fibre and a λ/4 birefringence bias,” Opt. Commun. 254, 152–167 (2005). [CrossRef]
  23. B. Ibarra-Escamilla, E. A. Kuzin, P. Zaca-Moran, R. Grajales-Coutiño, F. Mendez-Martinez, O. Pottiez, R. Rojas-Laguna, and J. W. Haus, “Experimental investigation of the nonlinear optical loop mirror with twisted fiber and birefringence bias,” Opt. Express 13, 10760–10767 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, D. E. Garcia-Gomez, and J. W. Haus, “Fiber laser mode locked by a Sagnac interferometer with nonlinear polarization rotation,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1559–1561 (2001). [CrossRef]
  25. B. Ibarra-Escamilla, O. Pottiez, E. A. Kuzin, J. W. Haus, R. Grajales-Coutiño, and P. Zaca-Moran, “Experimental investigation of self-starting operation in a F8L based on a symmetrical NOLM,” Opt. Commun. 281, 1226–1232 (2008). [CrossRef]
  26. B. Ibarra-Escamilla, O. Pottiez, J. W. Haus, E. A. Kuzin, M. Bello-Jimenez, and A. Flores-Rosas, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond pulses from a passively mode-locked figure-eight Erbium-doped fiber laser with a Sagnac fiber filter,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc. 3, 08036 (2008). [CrossRef]
  27. T. Tanemura and K. Kikuchi, “Circular birefringence fiber for nonlinear optical signal processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4108–4119 (2006). [CrossRef]
  28. O. Pottiez, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and E. A. Kuzin, “Large signal-to-noise-ratio enhancement of ultrashort pulsed optical signals using a power-symmetric Nonlinear Optical Loop Mirror with output polarization selection,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 15, 172–180 (2009). [CrossRef]
  29. V. E. Zacharov and A. B. Shabat, “Exact theory of two-dimentional self-focusing and one-dimentional self modulation of waves in nonlinear media,” Sov. Phys. JETP 61, 62–69(1972).
  30. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press, 1995).
  31. R. Trebino, Frequency Resolved Optical Gating: the Measurement of Ultrashort Optical Pulses (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited