OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 50, Iss. 29 — Oct. 10, 2011
  • pp: 5624–5629

Depth extraction of three-dimensional objects using block matching for slice images in synthetic aperture integral imaging

Joon-Jae Lee, Byung-Gook Lee, and Hoon Yoo  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 50, Issue 29, pp. 5624-5629 (2011)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (642 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We describe a computational method for depth extraction of three-dimensional (3D) objects using block matching for slice images in synthetic aperture integral imaging (SAII). SAII is capable of provid ing high-resolution 3D slice images for 3D objects because the picked-up elemental images are high- resolution ones. In the proposed method, the high-resolution elemental images are recorded by moving a camera; a computational reconstruction algorithm based on ray backprojection generates a set of 3D slice images from the recorded elemental images. To extract depth information of the 3D objects, we propose a new block-matching algorithm between a reference elemental image and a set of 3D slice images. The property of the slices images is that the focused areas are the right location for an object, whereas the blurred areas are considered to be empty space; thus, this can extract robust and accurate depth information of the 3D objects. To demonstrate our method, we carry out the preliminary experiments of 3D objects; the results indicate that our method is superior to a conventional method in terms of depth-map quality.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(100.6890) Image processing : Three-dimensional image processing
(110.4190) Imaging systems : Multiple imaging
(110.6880) Imaging systems : Three-dimensional image acquisition

ToC Category:
Image Processing

Original Manuscript: April 14, 2011
Revised Manuscript: August 23, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: August 24, 2011
Published: October 3, 2011

Joon-Jae Lee, Byung-Gook Lee, and Hoon Yoo, "Depth extraction of three-dimensional objects using block matching for slice images in synthetic aperture integral imaging," Appl. Opt. 50, 5624-5629 (2011)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. T. Okoshi, Three-Dimensional Imaging Techniques (Academic, 1976).
  2. S. A. Benton, Selected Papers on Three-Dimensional Displays (SPIE Press, 2001).
  3. B. Javidi and F. Okano, Three-Dimensional Television, Video, and Display Technologies (Springer, 2002).
  4. Y. Kim, K. Hong, and B. Lee, “Recent researches based on integral imaging display method,” 3D Res. 1(1), 17–27 (2010). [CrossRef]
  5. M. G. Lippmann, “Épreuves réversibles donnant la sensation du relief,” J. Phys. 7, 821–825 (1908).
  6. J.-S. Jang and B. Javidi, “Improved viewing resolution of three-dimensional integral imaging with nonstationary micro-optics,” Opt. Lett. 27, 324–326 (2002). [CrossRef]
  7. H. Yoo and D.-H. Shin, “Improved analysis on the signal property of computational integral imaging system,” Opt. Express 15, 14107–14114 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. D.-H. Shin, B. Lee, and E.-S. Kim, “Optical display of true 3D objects in depth-priority integral imaging using an active sensor,” Opt. Commun. 275, 330–334 (2007). [CrossRef]
  9. A. Stern and B. Javidi, “Three-dimensional image sensing, visualization, and processing using integral imaging,” Proc. IEEE 94, 591–607 (2006). [CrossRef]
  10. Y. S. Hwang, S.-H. Hong, and B. Javidi, “Free view 3-D visualization of occluded objects by using computational synthetic aperture integral imaging,” J. Display Technol. 3, 64–70(2007). [CrossRef]
  11. M. Cho and B. Javidi, “Three-dimensional visualization of objects in turbid water using integral imaging,” J. Display Technol. 6, 544–547 (2010). [CrossRef]
  12. I. Moon and B. Javidi, “Three-dimensional recognition of photon-starved events using computational integral imaging and statistical sampling,” Opt. Lett. 34, 731–733 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J.-H. Park, S. Jung, H. Choi, Y. Kim, and B. Lee, “Depth extraction by use of a rectangular lens array and one-dimensional elemental image modification,” Appl. Opt. 43, 4882–4895 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. J.-H. Park, Y. Kim, J. Kim, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, “Three-dimensional display scheme based on integral imaging with three-dimensional information processing,” Opt. Express 12, 6020–6032 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. G. Passalis, N. Sgouros, S. Athineos, and T. Theohari, “Enhanced reconstruction of three-dimensional shape and texture from integral photography images,” Appl. Opt. 46, 5311–5320 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. D.-H. Shin, B.-G. Lee, and J.-J. Lee, “Occlusion removal method of partially occluded 3D object using sub-image block matching in computational integral imaging,” Opt. Express 16, 16294–16304 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. B.-G. Lee, H.-H. Kang, and E.-S. Kim, “Occlusion removal method of partially occluded object using variance in computational integral imaging,” 3D Res. 1(2), 6–10 (2010). [CrossRef]
  18. J.-H. Jung, K. Hong, G. Park, I. Chung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Reconstruction of three-dimensional occluded object using optical flow and triangular mesh reconstruction in integral imaging,” Opt. Express 18, 26373–26387 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. H. Yoo and D.-H. Shin, “Fast computational integral imaging reconstruction method using a fractional delay filter,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49, 022503 (2010). [CrossRef]
  20. A. R. Greenleaf, Photographic Optics (MacMillan, 1950), pp. 25–27.
  21. B. B. Alagoz, “Obtaining depth maps from color images by region based stereo matching algorithms,” OncuBilim Algorithm Systems Labs 8, 4 (2008) arXiv:0812.1340v2.
  22. M. Z. Brown, D. Burschka, and G. D. Hager, “Advances in computational stereo,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 25, 993–1008 (2003). [CrossRef]
  23. H. Yoo, “Artifact analysis and image enhancement in three-dimensional computational integral imaging using smooth windowing technique,” Opt. Lett. 36, 2107–2109 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. J.-J. Lee, B.-G. Lee, and H. Yoo, “Image quality enhancement of computational integral imaging reconstruction for partially occluded objects using binary weighting mask on occlusion areas,” Appl. Opt. 50, 1889–1893 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited