OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 50, Iss. 4 — Feb. 1, 2011
  • pp: 526–531

Interferometric measurement of laser heating in praseodymium-doped YAG crystal

Carlton W. Farley, III and B. Rami Reddy  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 50, Issue 4, pp. 526-531 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.50.000526


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (643 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Temperature measurement is required for many applications but can be difficult in some cases. Laser heating or cooling studies demand accurate measurements of temperature changes. A Michelson interferometer configuration has been used to investigate laser heating in solids. An analytical formula was derived to estimate the temperature change from the fringe count by taking into account the temperature dependence of the sample length and refractive index. When 115 mW of a focused Ar + laser beam ( 488 nm ) passes through a Pr 3 + -doped YAG sample, its temperature increased by 11.7 ± 1.0 K along the beam path due to nonradiative relaxation. The power dependence of the fringe count/movement was recorded. The temperature change was estimated by the interferometric method and is in agreement with that measured by a thermocouple.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(120.3940) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Metrology
(120.6780) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Temperature
(280.6780) Remote sensing and sensors : Temperature

ToC Category:
Instrumentation, Measurement, and Metrology

History
Original Manuscript: May 14, 2010
Revised Manuscript: August 24, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: November 25, 2010
Published: January 27, 2011

Citation
Carlton W. Farley, III and B. Rami Reddy, "Interferometric measurement of laser heating in praseodymium-doped YAG crystal," Appl. Opt. 50, 526-531 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-50-4-526


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. P. Hariharan, Optical Interferometry (Elsevier/Academic, 2003).
  2. A. Wada, M. Kato, and Y. Ishii, “Multiple wavelength digital holographic interferometry using tunable laser diodes,” Appl. Opt. 47, 2053–2060 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. K. I. Kang, T. G. Chang, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “Nonlinear-index-of-refraction measurement in a resonant region by the use of fiber Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 35, 1485–1488 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. T. Yoshizawa, Handbook of Optical Metrology: Principles and Applications (CRC, 2009). [CrossRef]
  5. Y. K. Kim, B. R. Reddy, T. G. George, and R. B. Lal, “Optical heterodyne interferometry technique for solution crystal growth rate measurement,” Opt. Eng. 37, 616–621 (1998). [CrossRef]
  6. S. S. Sandhu and F. J. Weinberg, “A laser interferometer for combustion, aerodynamics and heat transfer studies,” J. Phys. E Sci. Instrum. 5, 1018–1020 (1972). [CrossRef]
  7. J. D. Foster and L. M. Osterink, “Index of refraction and expansion thermal coefficients of Nd:YAG,” Appl. Opt. 7, 2428–2429 (1968). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. F. V. Kowalski, R. T. Hawkins, and A. L. Schawlow, “Digital wavemeters for cw lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 965–966 (1976). [CrossRef]
  9. G. E. Sommergen, “Optical heterodyne profilometry,” Appl. Opt. 20, 610–618 (1981). [CrossRef]
  10. G. C. Alessandretti and P. Violono, “Thermometry by CARS in an automobile engine,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 16, 1583–1594(1983). [CrossRef]
  11. T. Sato and J. Suda, “Temperature dependence of the linewidth of the first order Raman spectra for aragonite crystal,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 65, 482–488 (1996). [CrossRef]
  12. I. Kamma, P. Kommidi, and B. R. Reddy, “High temperature measurement using luminescence of Pr3+ doped YAG and Ho3+ doped CaF2,” Phys. Status Solidi C 6, S187–S190 (2009). [CrossRef]
  13. R. I. Epstein, M. I. Buchwald, B. C. Edwards, T. R. Gosnell, and C. E. Mungan, “Observation of laser induced fluorescent cooling of a solid,” Nature 377, 500–503 (1995). [CrossRef]
  14. G. L. DesAutels, P. Peters, C. Brewer, M. Walker, M. Burky, and G. Anderson, “Optical temperature sensor and thermal expansion measurement using a femtosecond micromachined grating in 6H SiC,” Appl. Opt. 47, 3773–3777 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. N. Cherroret, A. Chakravarty, and A. Kar, “Temperature dependent refractive index of semiconductors,” J. Mater. Sci. 43, 1795–1801 (2008). [CrossRef]
  16. X. Wu, W. M. Dennis, and W. M. Yen, “Temperature dependence of cross relaxation processes in Pr3+-doped yttrium aluminum garnet,” Phys. Rev. B 50, 6589–6595(1994). [CrossRef]
  17. M. Malinowski, M. F. Joubert, and B. Jacquier, “Dynamics of the IR-to-blue wavelength upconversion in Pr3+-doped yttrium aluminum garnet and LiYF4 crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 50, 12367–12374 (1994). [CrossRef]
  18. J. A. Munoz, J. O. Tocho, and F. Cusso, “Photoacoustic determination of luminescent quantum efficiency of Yb3+ ions in lithium niobate,” Appl. Opt. 37, 7096–7099 (1998). [CrossRef]
  19. T. Y. Fan and J. L. Daneu, “Thermal coefficients of the optical path length and refractive index in YAG,” Appl. Opt. 37, 1635–1637 (1998). [CrossRef]
  20. R. Wynne, J. L. Daneu, and T. Y. Fan, “Thermal coefficients of the expansion and refractive index in YAG,” Appl. Opt. 38, 3282–3284 (1999). [CrossRef]
  21. YAG data sheet, VLOC, Fla. (www.vloc.com).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited