OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 50, Iss. 9 — Mar. 20, 2011
  • pp: 1260–1265

Dispersion engineering of a silicon-nanocrystal-based slot waveguide for broadband wavelength conversion

Qiang Liu, Shiming Gao, Zhiqiang Li, Yanqiao Xie, and Sailing He  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 50, Issue 9, pp. 1260-1265 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.50.001260


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (811 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A proposal for broadband wavelength conversion using four-wave mixing is presented based on a slot waveguide with silicon nanocrystals (Si-nc’s) as the optical nonlinear material. The dispersion of the waveguide is engineered to realize a flat dispersion as well as a small effective mode area for better nonlinear interaction by optimizing the waveguide dimensions. The conversion performance is synthetically analyzed and numerical results show that a bandwidth of over 400 nm and an efficiency of 2.38 dB can be achieved using a pump power of 150 mW in a 4 mm long Si-nc slot waveguide with slot width of 50 nm , slab width of 310 nm , and height of 305 nm .

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.4380) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, four-wave mixing
(190.4390) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, integrated optics
(130.7405) Integrated optics : Wavelength conversion devices

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

History
Original Manuscript: September 27, 2010
Revised Manuscript: January 11, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: January 23, 2011
Published: March 17, 2011

Citation
Qiang Liu, Shiming Gao, Zhiqiang Li, Yanqiao Xie, and Sailing He, "Dispersion engineering of a silicon-nanocrystal-based slot waveguide for broadband wavelength conversion," Appl. Opt. 50, 1260-1265 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-50-9-1260


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. Q. Lin, J. Zhang, P. M. Fauchet, and G. P. Agrawal, “Ultrabroadband parametric generation and wavelength conversion in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express 14, 4786–4799 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441, 960–963 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photon. 3, 216–219 (2009). [CrossRef]
  4. Z. Li and G. Li, “Ultrahigh-speed reconfigurable logic gates based on four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1341–1343 (2006). [CrossRef]
  5. R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Signal regeneration using low-power four-wave mixing on silicon chip,” Nat. Photon. 2, 35–38 (2007). [CrossRef]
  6. S. Gao, X. Zhang, Z. Li, and S. He, “Polarization-independent wavelength conversion using an angled-polarization pump in a silicon nanowire waveguide,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 250–256 (2010). [CrossRef]
  7. P. Muellner, M. Wellenzohn, and R. Hainberger, “Nonlinearity of optimized silicon photonic slot waveguides,” Opt. Express 17, 9282–9287 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. V. M. N. Passaro, M. Lagioia, and F. De Leonardis, “Design of nonlinear SOI slot waveguides,” in European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO, 2008), paper ThP13.
  9. P. Sanchis, J. Blasco, A. Martínez, and J. Martí, “Design of silicon-based slot waveguide configurations for optimum nonlinear performance,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 1298–1305 (2007). [CrossRef]
  10. A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Martí, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10, 1506–1511 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. Blasco, J. V. Galán, P. Sanchis, J. M. Martínez, A. Martínez, E. Jordana, J. M. Fedeli, and J. Martí, “FWM in silicon nanocrystal-based sandwiched slot waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 283, 435–437 (2010). [CrossRef]
  12. S. Gao, Z. Li, and X. Zhang, “Power-attenuated optimization for four-wave mixing-based wavelength conversion in silicon nanowire waveguides,” J. Electromagn. Waves Appl. 24, 1255–1265 (2010). [CrossRef]
  13. S. Gao, Z. Li, E.-K. Tien, S. He, and O. Boyraz, “Performance evaluation of nondegenerate wavelength conversion in a silicon nanowire waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 3079–3085 (2010).
  14. S. Gao, E.-K. Tien, Y. Huang, and S. He, “Experimental demonstration of bandwidth enhancement based on two-pump wavelength conversion in a silicon waveguide,” Opt. Express 18, 27885–27890 (2010). [CrossRef]
  15. S. Gao, E.-K. Tien, Q. Song, Y. Huang, and O. Boyraz, “Ultra-broadband one-to-two wavelength conversion using low-phase-mismatching four-wave mixing in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express 18, 11898–11903 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, R. Salem, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Frequency conversion over two-thirds of an octave in silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express 18, 1904–1908(2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, R. Salem, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band continuous-wave parametric wavelength conversion in silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express 15, 12949–12958 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. X. Zhang, S. Gao, and S. He, “Optimal design of a silicon-on-insulator nanowire waveguide for broadband wavelength conversion,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 89, 183–198 (2009). [CrossRef]
  19. Z. Zheng, M. Iqbal, and J. Liu, “Dispersion characteristics of SOI-based slot optical waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5151–5155 (2008). [CrossRef]
  20. L. Zhang, Y. Yue, Y. Xiao-Li, J. Wang, R. G. Beausoleil, and A. E. Willner, “Flat and low dispersion in highly nonlinear slot waveguides,” Opt. Express 18, 13187–13193 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. M. Komatsu, K. Saitoh, and M. Koshiba, “Highly-nonlinear horizontal slot waveguides with low and flat dispersion,” in Silicon and Nano Photonics/Integrated Photonics Research, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper IWH6.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited