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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 52, Iss. 36 — Dec. 20, 2013
  • pp: 8650–8660

Ground-based airglow imaging interferometer. Part 1: instrument and observation

Haiyang Gao, Yuanhe Tang, Dengxin Hua, Hanchen Liu, Xiangang Cao, Xiaodong Duan, Qijie Jia, Ouyang Qu, and Yong Wu  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 52, Issue 36, pp. 8650-8660 (2013)

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A ground-based airglow imaging interferometer (GBAII) is proposed to measure simultaneously the temperature and wind in the mesopause region by using airglow emissions of the O2(01) band. Since it employs a wide angle Michelson interferometer with a large air gap, combined with the rotational temperature measurement, both the phase and spectral information can be obtained from the imaging results. Based on the optimization and calibrations for the optical system in the laboratory, we developed and assembled a prototype of a GBAII, and carried out one observation at the observatory of Xi’an University of Technology on 12 June 2012. The observed temperatures fall mainly on the range of 167–196 K, while both the zonal and meridional winds faintly show the feature of half-day oscillation. The consistent trends between the observation results and the standard atmospheric models suggest that the GBAII has achieved our basic design goals.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(280.4991) Remote sensing and sensors : Passive remote sensing
(010.0280) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Remote sensing and sensors

ToC Category:
Atmospheric and Oceanic Optics

Original Manuscript: September 23, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: November 4, 2013
Published: December 11, 2013

Haiyang Gao, Yuanhe Tang, Dengxin Hua, Hanchen Liu, Xiangang Cao, Xiaodong Duan, Qijie Jia, Ouyang Qu, and Yong Wu, "Ground-based airglow imaging interferometer. Part 1: instrument and observation," Appl. Opt. 52, 8650-8660 (2013)

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