OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 52, Iss. 36 — Dec. 20, 2013
  • pp: 8650–8660

Ground-based airglow imaging interferometer. Part 1: instrument and observation

Haiyang Gao, Yuanhe Tang, Dengxin Hua, Hanchen Liu, Xiangang Cao, Xiaodong Duan, Qijie Jia, Ouyang Qu, and Yong Wu  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 52, Issue 36, pp. 8650-8660 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.52.008650


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1965 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A ground-based airglow imaging interferometer (GBAII) is proposed to measure simultaneously the temperature and wind in the mesopause region by using airglow emissions of the O2(01) band. Since it employs a wide angle Michelson interferometer with a large air gap, combined with the rotational temperature measurement, both the phase and spectral information can be obtained from the imaging results. Based on the optimization and calibrations for the optical system in the laboratory, we developed and assembled a prototype of a GBAII, and carried out one observation at the observatory of Xi’an University of Technology on 12 June 2012. The observed temperatures fall mainly on the range of 167–196 K, while both the zonal and meridional winds faintly show the feature of half-day oscillation. The consistent trends between the observation results and the standard atmospheric models suggest that the GBAII has achieved our basic design goals.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(280.4991) Remote sensing and sensors : Passive remote sensing
(010.0280) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Remote sensing and sensors

ToC Category:
Atmospheric and Oceanic Optics

History
Original Manuscript: September 23, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: November 4, 2013
Published: December 11, 2013

Citation
Haiyang Gao, Yuanhe Tang, Dengxin Hua, Hanchen Liu, Xiangang Cao, Xiaodong Duan, Qijie Jia, Ouyang Qu, and Yong Wu, "Ground-based airglow imaging interferometer. Part 1: instrument and observation," Appl. Opt. 52, 8650-8660 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-52-36-8650


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. G. Beig, P. Keckhut, R. P. Lowe, R. G. Roble, M. G. Mlynczak, J. Scheer, V. I. Fomichev, D. Offermann, W. J. R. French, M. G. Shepherd, A. I. Semenov, E. E. Remsberg, C. Y. She, F. J. Lubken, J. Bremer, B. R. Clemesha, J. Stegman, F. Sigernes, and S. Fadnavis, “Review of mesospheric temperature trends,” Rev. Geophys. 41, 1-1–1-41 (2003). [CrossRef]
  2. D. C. Fritts and M. J. Alexander, “Gravity wave dynamics and effects in the middle atmosphere,” Rev. Geophys. 41, 3-1–3-64 (2003). [CrossRef]
  3. W. E. Ward, J. Oberheide, L. P. Goncharenko, T. Nakamura, P. Hoffmann, W. Singer, L. C. Chang, J. Du, D. Y. Wang, P. Batista, B. Clemesha, A. H. Manson, D. M. Riggin, C.-Y. She, T. Tsuda, and T. Yuan, “On the consistency of model, ground-based, and satellite observations of tidal signatures: initial results from the CAWSES tidal campaigns,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D07107 (2010). [CrossRef]
  4. G. G. Shepherd, G. Thuillier, Y.-M. Cho, M.-L. Duboin, W. F. J. Evans, W. A. Gault, C. Hersom, D. J. W. Kendall, C. Lathuillère, R. P. Lowe, I. C. McDade, Y. J. Rochon, M. G. Shepherd, B. H. Solheim, D.-Y. Wang, and W. E. Ward, “The wind imaging interferometer (WINDII) on the upper atmosphere research satellite: a 20 year perspective,” Rev. Geophys. 50, RG2007 (2012). [CrossRef]
  5. M. J. Alexander, M. Geller, C. McLandress, S. Polavarapu, P. Preusse, F. Sassi, K. Sato, S. Eckermann, M. Ern, A. Hertzog, Y. Kawatani, M. Pulido, T. A. Shaw, M. Sigmond, R. Vincent, and S. Watanabe, “Recent developments in gravity-wave effects in climate models and the global distribution of gravity-wave momentum flux from observations and models,” Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 136, 1103–1124 (2010).
  6. G. G. Shepherd, M. Hagan, and Y. Portnyagin, “Planetary scale mesopause observing system: PSMOS 2000 workshop,” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 64, 1183–1199 (2002). [CrossRef]
  7. D. Panchevaa, N. J. Mitchella, and M. E. Haganb, “Global-scale tidal structure in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere during the PSMOS campaign of June–August 1999 and comparisons with the global-scale wave model,” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 64, 1011–1035 (2002). [CrossRef]
  8. National large research infrastructure–Meridian Project, 2008: http://www.meridianproject.ac.cn/ .
  9. Sondrestrom Upper Atmospheric Research Facility in Kangerlussuaq, Greenland, 1983, http://isr.sri.com/ .
  10. Canadian Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Change (CANDAC), 2005, http://www.candac.ca/candac/index.php .
  11. I. Oznovich, “Monochromatic all-sky scanner: a quantitative imager of faint atmospheric emissions,” Appl. Opt. 36, 3329–3334 (1997). [CrossRef]
  12. V. V. Doushkina, R. H. Wiens, P. J. Thomas, R. N. Peterson, and G. G. Shepherd, “Spectral imaging of O2 infrared atmospheric airglow with an InGaAs array detector,” Appl. Opt. 35, 6115–6119 (1996). [CrossRef]
  13. G. G. Shepherd, G. Thuillier, W. A. Gault, B. H. Solheim, C. Hersom, J. M. Alunni, J.-F. Brun, S. Brune, P. Charlot, L. L. Cogger, D.-L. Sesaulniers, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, F. Girod, D. Harvie, R. H. Hum, D. J. W. Kendall, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, J. Ohr, F. Pasternak, O. Peillet, I. Powell, Y. Rochon, W. E. Ward, R. H. Wiens, and J. Wimperis, “WINDII: the wind imaging interferometer on the upper atmosphere research satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10725–10750 (1993). [CrossRef]
  14. K. Shiokawa, Y. Katoh, M. Satoh, M. K. Ejiri, T. Ogawa, T. Nakamura, T. Tsuda, and R. H. Wiens, “Development of optical mesosphere thermosphere imagers (OMTI),” Earth Planets Space 51, 887–896 (1999).
  15. K. Shiokawa, Y. Otsuka, S. Suzuki, T. Katoh, Y. Katoh, M. Satoh, T. Ogawa, H. Takahashi, D. Gobbi, T. Nakamura, B. P. Williams, C.-Y. She, M. Taguchi, and T. Shimomai, “Development of airglow temperature photometers with cooled-CCD detectors,” Earth Planets Space 59, 585–599 (2007).
  16. R. H. Wiens, S. P. Zhang, R. N. Peterson, and G. G. Shepherd, “MORTI: a mesopause oxygen rotational temperature imager,” Planet. Space Sci. 39, 1363–1375 (1991). [CrossRef]
  17. S. I. Sargoytchev, S. Brown, B. H. Solheim, Y. M. Cho, G. G. Shepherd, and M. J. Lopez-Gonzalez, “Spectral airglow temperature imager (SATI): a ground-based instrument for the monitoring of mesosphere temperature,” Appl. Opt. 43, 5712–5721 (2004). [CrossRef]
  18. G. G. Shepherd, Spectral Imaging of the Atmosphere (Academic, 2003).
  19. G. G. Shepherd, W. A. Gault, D. W. Miller, Z. Pasturczyk, S. F. Johnston, P. R. Kosteniuk, J. W. Kendall, and J. R. Wimperis, “WAMDII: wide-angle Michelson Doppler imaging interferometer for spacelab,” Appl. Opt. 24, 1571–1584 (1985). [CrossRef]
  20. J. C. Bird, F. Liang, B. H. Solheim, and G. G. Shepherd, “A polarizing Michelson interferometer for measuring thermospheric winds,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 6, 1368–1378 (1995). [CrossRef]
  21. W. A. Gault, S. Brown, A. Moise, D. Liang, G. Sellar, G. G. Shepherd, and J. Wimperis, “ERWIN: an E-region wind interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 35, 2913–2922 (1996). [CrossRef]
  22. G. Thuillier, V. Fauliot, M. Herse, and L. Bourg, “MICADO wind measurements from observatoire de Haute-provence for the validation of WINDII green line data,” J. Geophys. Res. 101, 10431–10440 (1996). [CrossRef]
  23. J. A. Langille, W. E. Ward, A. Scott, and D. L. Arsenault, “Measurement of two-dimensional Doppler wind fields using a field widened Michelson interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 52, 1617–1628 (2013). [CrossRef]
  24. H. Y. Gao, Y. H. Tang, D. X. Hua, and H. C. Liu, “Study on the wide-angle Michelson interferometer with large air gap,” Appl. Opt. 50, 5655–5661 (2011). [CrossRef]
  25. W. E. Ward, W. A. Gault, G. G. Shepherd, and N. Rowlands, “Waves Michelson interferometer: a visible/near-IR interferometer for observing middle atmosphere dynamics and constituents,” Proc. SPIE 4540, 100–111 (2001). [CrossRef]
  26. Y. H. Tang, H. Y. Gao, D. X. Hua, H. C. Liu, X. G. Cao, X. D. Duan, Q. J. Jia, O. Y. Qu, and Y. Wu, “The forward model for the ground based airglow imaging interferometer for the upper atmospheric wind measurement,” Appl. Opt. (submitted).
  27. The high-resolution transmission molecular absorption database (HITRAN2008), 1960, http://www.cfa.harvard.edu/hitran/ .
  28. I. Takeuchi, K. Misawa, and I. Aoyama, “Rotational temperatures and intensities of OH(6-2) and OH(8-3) bands in the night airglow,” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 41, 387–395 (1969).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited