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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 52, Iss. 8 — Mar. 10, 2013
  • pp: 1550–1554

Polarization-maintaining property of tapered polarization-maintaining fibers

Xiaozhen Wang, Graeme Niedermayer, Ganbin Lin, Ping Lu, Baishi Wang, Liang Chen, and Xiaoyi Bao  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 52, Issue 8, pp. 1550-1554 (2013)

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Distributed group birefringence of tapered polarization-maintaining fibers (PMFs) is measured by employing a high-resolution optical frequency-domain reflectometry system. Autocorrelation data processing reveals distributed mode coupling between the fast and slow modes and higher-order modes excited by the tapering process along the taper region. The polarization-maintaining property of a tapered PMF is examined by distributed group birefringence along the tapered PMF with a spatial resolution of 1.25cm and a polarization-extinction ratio at the fiber taper output over the wavelength range of 1510–1570 nm. With a waist diameter of 80 μm, the polarization state of the launched light is maintained and the birefringence of the tapered PMF is slightly reduced from 3.28×104 to 2.89×104 at the taper waist. For both the waist diameters of 60 and 40 μm, mode coupling is observed in the form of significantly decreased birefringence by a factor of 10 at the taper waists.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2270) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber characterization
(060.2420) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fibers, polarization-maintaining

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: October 31, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: January 29, 2013
Published: March 4, 2013

Xiaozhen Wang, Graeme Niedermayer, Ganbin Lin, Ping Lu, Baishi Wang, Liang Chen, and Xiaoyi Bao, "Polarization-maintaining property of tapered polarization-maintaining fibers," Appl. Opt. 52, 1550-1554 (2013)

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