OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 53, Iss. 17 — Jun. 10, 2014
  • pp: 3758–3763

Bit error rate analysis of Gaussian, annular Gaussian, cos Gaussian, and cosh Gaussian beams with the help of random phase screens

Halil T. Eyyuboğlu  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 53, Issue 17, pp. 3758-3763 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.53.003758


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (293 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Using the random phase screen approach, we carry out a simulation analysis of the probability of error performance of Gaussian, annular Gaussian, cos Gaussian, and cosh Gaussian beams. In our scenario, these beams are intensity-modulated by the randomly generated binary symbols of an electrical message signal and then launched from the transmitter plane in equal powers. They propagate through a turbulent atmosphere modeled by a series of random phase screens. Upon arriving at the receiver plane, detection is performed in a circuitry consisting of a pin photodiode and a matched filter. The symbols detected are compared with the transmitted ones, errors are counted, and from there the probability of error is evaluated numerically. Within the range of source and propagation parameters tested, the lowest probability of error is obtained for the annular Gaussian beam. Our investigation reveals that there is hardly any difference between the aperture-averaged scintillations of the beams used, and the distinctive advantage of the annular Gaussian beam lies in the fact that the receiver aperture captures the maximum amount of power when this particular beam is launched from the transmitter plane.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.0010) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric and oceanic optics
(010.1330) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric turbulence
(010.3310) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Laser beam transmission
(140.0140) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers and laser optics
(140.3295) Lasers and laser optics : Laser beam characterization

ToC Category:
Atmospheric and Oceanic Optics

History
Original Manuscript: February 27, 2014
Revised Manuscript: May 2, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: May 7, 2014
Published: June 10, 2014

Citation
Halil T. Eyyuboğlu, "Bit error rate analysis of Gaussian, annular Gaussian, cos Gaussian, and cosh Gaussian beams with the help of random phase screens," Appl. Opt. 53, 3758-3763 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-53-17-3758


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. A. Chaman-Motlagh, V. Ahmadi, and Z. Ghassemlooy, “A modified model of the atmospheric effects on the performance of FSO links employing single and multiple receivers,” J. Mod. Opt. 57, 37–42 (2010). [CrossRef]
  2. B. I. Erkmen and J. H. Shapiro, “Performance analysis for near-field atmospheric optical communications,” in Proceedings of Global Telecommunications Conference (GLOBECOM) (IEEE, 2004), pp. 318–324.
  3. R. K. Tyson, “Bit-error rate for free-space adaptive optics laser communications,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 753–758 (2002). [CrossRef]
  4. R. K. Tyson, D. E. Canning, and J. S. Tharp, “Measurement of the bit-error rate of an adaptive optics, free-space laser communications system, part 1: tip-tilt configuration, diagnostics, and closed-loop results,” Opt. Eng. 44, 096002 (2005). [CrossRef]
  5. J. C. Ricklin and F. M. Davidson, “Atmospheric optical communication with a Gaussian Schell beam,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20, 856–866 (2003). [CrossRef]
  6. L. C. Andrews and R. L. Phillips, “Free space optical communication link and atmospheric effects: single aperture and arrays,” Proc. SPIE 5338, 265–275 (2005). [CrossRef]
  7. L. C. Andrews and R. L. Phillips, Laser Beam Propagation through Random Media (SPIE, 2005), Chap. 5.
  8. F. Yang and J. Cheng, “Coherent free-space optical communications in lognormal-Rician turbulence,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 16, 1872–1875 (2012). [CrossRef]
  9. A. Garcia-Zambrana, B. Castillo-Vazquez, and C. Castillo-Vazquez, “Asymptotic error-rate analysis of FSO links using transmit laser selection over gamma–gamma atmospheric turbulence channels with pointing errors,” Opt. Express 20, 2096–2109 (2012). [CrossRef]
  10. G. K. Rodrigues, V. G. A. Carneiro, A. R. da Cruz, and M. T. M. R. Giraldi, “Evaluation of the strong turbulence impact over free-space optical links,” Opt. Commun. 305, 42–47 (2013). [CrossRef]
  11. K. Prabu, S. Bose, and D. S. Kumar, “BPSK based subcarrier intensity modulated free space optical system in combined strong atmospheric turbulence,” Opt. Commun. 305, 185–189 (2013). [CrossRef]
  12. L. Zuo, A. Dang, Y. Ren, and H. Guo, “Performance of phase compensated coherent free space optical communications through non-Kolmogorov turbulence,” Opt. Commun. 284, 1491–1495 (2011). [CrossRef]
  13. W. A. Coles, J. P. Filice, R. G. Frehlich, and M. Yadlowsky, “Simulation of wave propagation in three-dimensional random media,” Appl. Opt. 34, 2089–2101 (1995). [CrossRef]
  14. D. H. Nelson, D. L. Walters, E. P. MacKerrow, M. J. Schmitt, C. R. Quick, W. M. Porch, and R. R. Petrin, “Wave optics simulation of atmospheric turbulence and reflective speckle effects in CO2 lidar,” Appl. Opt. 39, 1857–1871 (2000). [CrossRef]
  15. A. Belmonte, “Feasibility study for the simulation of beam propagation: consideration of coherent lidar performance,” Appl. Opt. 39, 5426–5445 (2000). [CrossRef]
  16. J. D. Schmidt, “Propagation through atmospheric turbulence,” in Numerical Simulation of Optical Wave Propagation with Examples in MATLAB (SPIE, 2010), Chap. 9, pp. 149–184.
  17. X. Qian, W. Zhu, and R. Rao, “Numerical investigation on propagation effects of pseudo-partially coherent Gaussian Schell-model beams in atmospheric turbulence,” Opt. Express 17, 3782–3791 (2009). [CrossRef]
  18. W. Cheng, J. H. Haus, and Q. Zhan, “Propagation of vector vortex beams through a turbulent atmosphere,” Opt. Express 17, 17829–17836 (2009). [CrossRef]
  19. X. Liu and J. Pu, “Investigation on the scintillation reduction of elliptical vortex beams propagating in atmospheric turbulence,” Opt. Express 19, 26444–26450 (2011). [CrossRef]
  20. H. T. Eyyuboğlu, “Estimation of aperture averaged scintillations in weak turbulence regime for annular, sinusoidal and hyperbolic Gaussian beams using random phase screen,” Opt. Laser Technol. 52, 96–102 (2013). [CrossRef]
  21. B. Sklar, Digital Communications Fundamentals and Applications (Prentice-Hall, 2002), Chap. 5.
  22. J. G. Proakis and M. Salehi, Fundamentals of Communication Systems (Pearson, 2005), Chaps. 8, 9.
  23. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 2002), Chap. 4.
  24. H. T. Eyyuboğlu, “Annular cosh and cos Gaussian beams in strong turbulence,” Appl. Phys. B 103, 763–769 (2011). [CrossRef]
  25. M. C. Jeruchim, “Techniques for estimating the bit error rate in the simulation of digital communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 2, 153–170 (1984). [CrossRef]
  26. S. A. Arpali, H. T. Eyyuboğlu, and Y. Baykal, “Bit error rates for general beams,” Appl. Opt. 47, 5971–5975 (2008). [CrossRef]
  27. S. A. Arpali and Y. Baykal, “Bit error rates for focused general-type beams,” PIERS Online 5, 633–636 (2009). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited