OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 53, Iss. 20 — Jul. 10, 2014
  • pp: 4450–4459

Real-time interactive display for integral imaging microscopy

Ki-Chul Kwon, Ji-Seong Jeong, Munkh-Uchral Erdenebat, Young-Tae Lim, Kwan-Hee Yoo, and Nam Kim  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 53, Issue 20, pp. 4450-4459 (2014)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2124 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A real-time interactive orthographic-view image display of integral imaging (II) microscopy that includes the generation of intermediate-view elemental images (IVEIs) for resolution enhancement is proposed. Unlike the conventional II microscopes, parallel processing through a graphics processing unit is required for real-time display that generates the IVEIs and interactive orthographic-view images in high speed, according to the user interactive input. The real-time directional-view display for the specimen for which 3D information is acquired through II microscopy is successfully demonstrated by using resolution-enhanced elemental image arrays. A user interactive feature is also satisfied in the proposed real-time interactive display for II microscopy.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(100.0100) Image processing : Image processing
(100.6890) Image processing : Three-dimensional image processing
(120.0120) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology
(120.2040) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Displays
(180.0180) Microscopy : Microscopy
(180.6900) Microscopy : Three-dimensional microscopy

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: March 26, 2014
Revised Manuscript: May 16, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: May 29, 2014
Published: July 4, 2014

Virtual Issues
Vol. 9, Iss. 9 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Ki-Chul Kwon, Ji-Seong Jeong, Munkh-Uchral Erdenebat, Young-Tae Lim, Kwan-Hee Yoo, and Nam Kim, "Real-time interactive display for integral imaging microscopy," Appl. Opt. 53, 4450-4459 (2014)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. K.-C. Kwon, Y.-T. Lim, N. Kim, K.-H. Yoo, J.-M. Hong, and G.-C. Park, “High-definition 3D stereoscopic microscope display system for biomedical applications,” EURASIP J. Image Video Process. 2010, 1–8 (2010).
  2. G. Lippmann, “La photographie integrale,” C. R. Acad. Sci. 146, 446–451 (1908).
  3. J.-H. Park, K.-H. Hong, and B.-H. Lee, “Recent progress in three-dimensional information processing based on integral imaging,” Appl. Opt. 48, H77–H94 (2009). [CrossRef]
  4. G. Li, K.-C. Kwon, G.-H. Shin, J.-S. Jeong, K.-H. Yoo, and N. Kim, “Simplified integral imaging pickup method for real objects using a depth camera,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea 16, 381–385 (2012). [CrossRef]
  5. N. Kim, A.-H. Phan, M.-U. Erdenebat, A. M. Alam, K.-C. Kwon, M.-L. Piao, and J.-H. Lee, “3D display technology,” Disp. Imag. Technol. 1, 73–95 (2013).
  6. J. Kim, J.-H. Jung, C. Jang, and B. Lee, “Real-time capturing and 3D visualization method based on integral imaging,” Opt. Express 21, 18742–18753 (2013). [CrossRef]
  7. L. Erdmann and K. J. Gabriel, “High-resolution digital integral photography by use of a scanning microlens array,” Appl. Opt. 40, 5592–5599 (2001). [CrossRef]
  8. J.-S. Jang and B. Javidi, “Improved viewing resolution of three-dimensional integral imaging by use of nonstationary micro-optics,” Opt. Lett. 27, 324–326 (2002). [CrossRef]
  9. S. Kishk and B. Javidi, “Improved resolution 3D object sensing and recognition using time multiplexed computational integral imaging,” Opt. Express 11, 3528–3541 (2003). [CrossRef]
  10. M. Levoy, R. Ng, A. Adams, M. Footer, and M. Horowitz, “Light field microscopy,” Trans. Graph. 25, 924–934 (2006).
  11. M. Levoy, Z. Zhang, and I. Mcdowall, “Recording and controlling the 4D light field in a microscope using microlens arrays,” J. Microsc. 235, 144–162 (2009). [CrossRef]
  12. Y.-T. Lim, J.-H. Park, K.-C. Kwon, and N. Kim, “Resolution-enhanced integral imaging microscopy that uses lens array shifting,” Opt. Express 17, 19253–19263 (2009). [CrossRef]
  13. B. Lee and J. Kim, “Real-time 3D capturing-visualization conversion for light field microscopy,” Proc. SPIE 8769, 876908 (2013). [CrossRef]
  14. NVIDIA, “OpenCL programming guide for the CUDA architecture,” Version 2.3 (2009).
  15. NVIDIA, “CUDA C programming guide,” Version 3.1.1 (2010).
  16. D. H. Ballard, “Generalizing the Hough transform to detect arbitrary shapes,” Pattern Recogn. 13, 111–122 (1981). [CrossRef]
  17. K.-C. Kwon, C. Park, M.-U. Erdenebat, J.-S. Jeong, J.-H. Choi, N. Kim, J.-H. Park, Y.-T. Lim, and K.-H. Yoo, “High speed image space parallel processing for computer generated integral imaging system,” Opt. Express 20, 732–740 (2012). [CrossRef]
  18. D.-H. Kim, M.-U. Erdenebat, K.-C. Kwon, J.-S. Jeong, J.-W. Lee, K.-A. Kim, N. Kim, and K.-H. Yoo, “Real-time 3D display system based on computer-generated integral imaging technique using enhanced ISPP for hexagonal lens array,” Appl. Opt. 52, 8411–8418 (2013). [CrossRef]
  19. J.-S. Jeong, K.-C. Kwon, M.-U. Erdenebat, Y. Piao, N. Kim, and K.-H. Yoo, “Development of a real-time integral imaging display system based on graphics processing unit parallel processing using a depth camera,” Opt. Eng. 53, 015103 (2014). [CrossRef]
  20. K.-H. Bae and E.-S. Kim, “New disparity estimation scheme based on adaptive matching windows for intermediate view reconstruction,” Opt. Eng. 42, 1778–1786 (2003). [CrossRef]
  21. D.-C. Hwang, J.-S. Park, S.-C. Kim, D.-H. Shin, and E.-S. Kim, “Magnification of 3D reconstructed images in integral imaging using an intermediate-view reconstruction technique,” Appl. Opt. 45, 4631–4637 (2006). [CrossRef]
  22. S.-C. Kim, C.-K. Kim, and E.-S. Kim, “Depth-of-focus and resolution-enhanced three-dimensional integral imaging with non-uniform lenslets and intermediate-view reconstruction technique,” 3D Res. 2, 1–9 (2011).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Supplementary Material

» Media 1: MP4 (1085 KB)     
» Media 2: MP4 (2620 KB)     

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited