OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 53, Iss. 24 — Aug. 20, 2014
  • pp: 5330–5343

Atmospheric temperature measurements at altitudes of 5–30  km with a double-grating-based pure rotational Raman lidar

Jingyu Jia and Fan Yi  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 53, Issue 24, pp. 5330-5343 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.53.005330


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1136 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A pure rotational Raman (PRR) lidar based on a second-harmonic generation Nd:YAG laser is built for measuring the atmospheric temperature at altitudes of 5–30 km. A double-grating polychromator is designed to extract the wanted PRR signals and suppress the elastically backscattered light. Measured examples present the overall lidar performance. For the 1-h integrated lidar temperature profiles, the 1σ statistical uncertainty is less than 0.5 K up to 17km, while it does not exceed 2 K at altitudes of 17–26.3 km. Based on 38 nights of high-quality lidar temperature data, the temperature variability is studied. It is found that the variability differs between the nights with inversion layer and those without it. On the nights without inversion layer, the local hour-to-hour temperature variability was mostly less than 1 K at altitudes of 5–17 km. At altitudes of 17–23 km, it grew to 1.2–2.4 K. On the nights with inversion layer, in the middle and upper troposphere, the significant variability was found to occur only at the inversion-layer altitudes. At other tropospheric altitudes off the inversion layer, the variability was generally less than 1 K. The statistical results indicate that the temperature variability mostly was stronger in the presence of inversion layer than in its absence.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.0010) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric and oceanic optics
(010.3640) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Lidar
(230.1950) Optical devices : Diffraction gratings
(280.6780) Remote sensing and sensors : Temperature

ToC Category:
Atmospheric and Oceanic Optics

History
Original Manuscript: April 16, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: July 5, 2014
Published: August 12, 2014

Citation
Jingyu Jia and Fan Yi, "Atmospheric temperature measurements at altitudes of 5–30  km with a double-grating-based pure rotational Raman lidar," Appl. Opt. 53, 5330-5343 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-53-24-5330


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. Cooney, “Measurement of atmospheric temperature profiles by Raman backscatter,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 11, 108–112 (1972). [CrossRef]
  2. A. Behrendt, “Temperature measurement with lidar,” in Lidar Range-Resolved Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, C. Weitkamp, ed. (Springer, 2005), pp. 273–305.
  3. A. Behrendt and J. Reichardt, “Atmospheric temperature profiling in the presence of clouds with a pure rotational Raman lidar by use of an interference-filter-based polychromator,” Appl. Opt. 39, 1372–1378 (2000). [CrossRef]
  4. A. Behrendt, “Fernmessung atmosphärischer Temperaturprofile in Wolken mit Rotations-Raman-Lidar,” doctoral dissertation (University of Hamburg, 2000).
  5. J. Su, M. P. McCormick, Y. Wu, R. B. Lee, L. Lei, Z. Liu, and K. R. Leavor, “Cloud temperature measurement using rotational Raman lidar,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 125, 45–50 (2013). [CrossRef]
  6. G. Vaughan, D. P. Wareing, S. J. Pepler, L. Thomas, and V. Mitev, “Atmospheric temperature measurements made by rotational Raman scattering,” Appl. Opt. 32, 2758–2764 (1993). [CrossRef]
  7. A. Behrendt, T. Nakamura, and T. Tsuda, “Combined temperature lidar for measurements in the troposphere, stratosphere, and mesosphere,” Appl. Opt. 43, 2930–2939 (2004). [CrossRef]
  8. P. D. Girolamo, R. Marchese, D. N. Whiteman, and B. B. Demoz, “Rotational Raman lidar measurements of atmospheric temperature in the UV,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 31, L01106 (2004).
  9. Y. F. Arshinov, S. M. Bobrovnikov, V. E. Zuev, and V. M. Mitev, “Atmospheric temperature measurements using a pure rotational Raman lidar,” Appl. Opt. 22, 2984–2990 (1983). [CrossRef]
  10. A. Ansmann, Y. F. Arshinov, S. Bobrovnikov, I. Mattis, I. Serikov, and U. Wandinger, “Double grating monochromator for a pure rotational Raman-lidar,” Proc. SPIE 3583, 491–497 (1998). [CrossRef]
  11. I. Balin, I. Serikov, S. Bobrovnikov, V. Simeonov, B. Calpini, Y. Arshinov, and H. V. D. Bergh, “Simultaneous measurement of atmospheric temperature, humidity, and aerosol extinction and backscatter coefficients by a combined vibrational-pure-rotational Raman lidar,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 775–782 (2004). [CrossRef]
  12. M. Radlach, A. Behrendt, and V. Wulfmeyer, “Scaning rotational Raman lidar at 355  nm for the measurement of tropospheric temperature fields,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 159–169 (2008). [CrossRef]
  13. I. Serikov, H. Linne, F. Jansen, and B. Brugmann, “Combined visible and UV pure rotational Raman lidar channel for air temperature profiling,” in Proceedings of the 25th International Laser Radar Conference, St. Petersburg, Russia, 2010, pp. 27–30.
  14. J. Mao, D. Hua, Y. Wang, F. Gao, and L. Wang, “Accurate temperature profiling of the atmospheric boundary layer using an ultraviolet rotational Raman lidar,” Opt. Commun. 282, 3113–3118 (2009). [CrossRef]
  15. S. Chen, Z. Qiu, Y. Zhang, H. Chen, and Y. Wang, “A pure rotational Raman lidar using double-grating monochromator for temperature profile detection,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 112, 304–309 (2011). [CrossRef]
  16. P. Achtert, M. Khaplanov, F. Khosrawi, and J. Gumbel, “Pure rotational-Raman channels of the Esrange lidar for temperature and particle extinction measurements in the troposphere and lower stratosphere,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6, 91–98 (2013). [CrossRef]
  17. A. Behrendt, T. Nakamura, M. Onishi, R. Baumgart, and T. Tsuda, “Combined Raman lidar for the measurement of atmospheric temperature, water vapor, particle extinction coefficient, and particle backscatter coefficient,” Appl. Opt. 41, 7657–7666 (2002). [CrossRef]
  18. D. Nedeljkovic, A. Hauchecorne, and M. L. Chanin, “Rotational Raman lidar to measure the atmospheric temperature from the ground to 30  km,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 31, 90–101 (1993). [CrossRef]
  19. R. B. Lee, “Tropospheric temperature measurements using a rotational Raman lidar,” doctoral dissertation (Hampton University, 2013).
  20. F. Liu and F. Yi, “Spectrally resolved Raman lidar measurements of gaseous and liquid water in the atmosphere,” Appl. Opt. 52, 6884–6895 (2013). [CrossRef]
  21. F. Yi, S. Zhang, C. Yu, Y. He, X. Yue, C. Huang, and J. Zhou, “Simultaneous observations of sporadic Fe and Na layers by two closely collocated resonance fluorescence lidars at Wuhan (30.5°N, 114.4°E), China,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D04304 (2007).
  22. C. M. Penney, R. L. St. Peters, and M. Lapp, “Absolute rotational Raman cross sections for N2, O2, and CO2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 712–716 (1974). [CrossRef]
  23. A. Cohen, J. A. Cooney, and K. N. Geller, “Atmospheric temperature profiles from lidar measurements of rotational Raman and elastic scattering,” Appl. Opt. 15, 2896–2901 (1976). [CrossRef]
  24. U. Wandinger, “Raman lidar,” in Lidar Range-Resolved Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, C. Weitkamp, ed. (Springer, 2005), pp. 242–271.
  25. D. Hua, M. Uchida, and T. Kobayashi, “Ultraviolet high-spectral-resolution Rayleigh–Mie lidar with a dual-pass Fabry–Perot etalon for measuring atmospheric temperature profiles of the troposphere,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1063–1065 (2004). [CrossRef]
  26. R. K. Newsom, D. D. Turner, B. Mielke, M. Clayton, R. Ferrare, and C. Sivaraman, “Simultaneous analog and photon counting detection for Raman lidar,” Appl. Opt. 48, 3903–3914 (2009). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited