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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 4, Iss. 7 — Jul. 1, 1965
  • pp: 767–775

Optics InfoBase > Applied Optics > Volume 4 > Issue 7 > Directional Reflectance and Emissivity of an Opaque Surface

Directional Reflectance and Emissivity of an Opaque Surface

Fred E. Nicodemus  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 4, Issue 7, pp. 767-775 (1965)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.4.000767


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Abstract

Concepts, terminology, and symbols are presented for specifying and relating directional variations in reflectance and emissivity of an opaque surface element. Their relationship to more familiar concepts, including those of perfectly diffuse and specular reflectance, is given, and they are applied to illustrative examples. It is shown that, when the usual reciprocity relationship holds, the reflectance for a ray incident on an opaque surface element is related by Kirchhoff's law to the emissivity of that element for a ray emitted along the same line in the opposite sense.

© 1965 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: May 11, 1964
Published: July 1, 1965

Citation
Fred E. Nicodemus, "Directional Reflectance and Emissivity of an Opaque Surface," Appl. Opt. 4, 767-775 (1965)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-4-7-767

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