OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 1, Iss. 1 — Jan. 1, 1962
  • pp: 55–60

Properties of the Hydrogen Maser

Daniel Kleppner, H. Mark Goldenberg, and Norman F. Ramsey  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 1, Issue 1, pp. 55-60 (1962)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (690 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Properties of the hydrogen maser and details of the apparatus are discussed. Experimental work is described which yields a new value for the hyperfine separation of hydrogen in its ground state. The result is Δ ν = 1,420,405,762 ± 4 cps . This result is based on a value of the hyperfine separation in Cs133 which is taken to be Δ ν ( C s 133 ) = 9,192,631,840 cps .

© 1962 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: July 1, 1961
Published: January 1, 1962

Daniel Kleppner, H. Mark Goldenberg, and Norman F. Ramsey, "Properties of the Hydrogen Maser," Appl. Opt. 1, 55-60 (1962)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. J. B. Gordon, H. J. Zeiger, C. H. Townes, Phys. Rev. 95, 2821 (1954). [CrossRef]
  2. H. M. Goldenberg, D. Kleppner, N. F. Ramsey, Phys. Rev. Letters 5, 361 (1960). [CrossRef]
  3. H. M. Goldenberg, D. Kleppner, N. F. Ramsey, Phys. Rev. 123, 530 (1961). [CrossRef]
  4. D. Kleppner, H. M. Goldenberg, N. F. Ramsey (to be published).
  5. H. M. Goldenberg, Ph.D. Thesis, Harvard, 1960 (unpublished).
  6. K. Shimoda, T. C. Wang, C. H. Townes, Phys. Rev. 102, 1308 (1956). [CrossRef]
  7. J. P. Wittke, R. H. Dicke, Phys. Rev. 103, 620 (1956). [CrossRef]
  8. Carroll Alley (to be published).
  9. L. W. Anderson, F. M. Pipkin, Phys. Rev. Letters 4, 69 (1960). [CrossRef]
  10. R. L. Christenson, D. R. Hamilton, Rev. Sci. Instr. 30, 356 (1959). [CrossRef]
  11. R. H. Lambert, F. M. Pipkin, private communication.
  12. P. Kusch, Phys. Rev. 100, 1188 (1955). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited