The primary purpose of this paper is to propose a comprehensive optimum-design theory of lenticular-sheet three-dimensional pictures. The proposed theory features the use of depth resolution of a 3-D image as the measure of the 3-D picture quality. The optimum parameters in the picture taking process, the optimum lens pitch and the depth-resolution limitation, are discussed. The obtained results are also applicable to a specific type of integral photography and to the projection-type 3-D display including projection-type holography. It is found that the optimum pitch of the lens sheet or the lens-type direction selective screen ranges between 0.1 mm and 0.5 mm in most cases, whereas it ranges between 0.2 mm and 1 mm for the triple-mirror screen.
T. Okoshi, "Optimum Design and Depth Resolution of Lens-Sheet and Projection-Type Three-Dimensional Displays," Appl. Opt. 10, 2284-2291 (1971)