A ground-based method of measuring atmospheric vertical temperature profiles using Raman backscatter from N2 is discussed. Experimental measurement of temperature fluctuations at tower heights is described.
R. G. Strauch, V. E. Derr, and R. E. Cupp, "Atmospheric Temperature Measurement Using Raman Backscatter," Appl. Opt. 10, 2665-2669 (1971)