OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 10, Iss. 5 — May. 1, 1971
  • pp: 1043–1050

Superfluid-Helium-Cooled Rocket-Borne Far-Infrared Radiometer

A. G. Blair, F. Edeskuty, R. D. Hiebert, D. M. Jones, J. P. Shipley, and K. D. Williamson, Jr.  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 10, Issue 5, pp. 1043-1050 (1971)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1112 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A far-infrared radiometer, cooled to 1.6 K by superfluid helium, has been flown in a Terrier–Sandhawk rocket. The instrument was designed to measure night-sky radiation in three wavelength passbands between 6 mm and 0.1 mm at altitudes between 120 km and 350 km. A failure in the rocket nose cone separation system prevented the measurement of this radiation, but the performance of the instrument during flight was generally satisfactory. Design features and operational characteristics of the cryogenic, optical, detection, and electronic systems are presented.

© 1971 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: August 26, 1970
Published: May 1, 1971

A. G. Blair, F. Edeskuty, R. D. Hiebert, D. M. Jones, J. P. Shipley, and K. D. Williamson, "Superfluid-Helium-Cooled Rocket-Borne Far-Infrared Radiometer," Appl. Opt. 10, 1043-1050 (1971)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. D. Muehlner, R. Weiss, Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 742 (1970); J. R. Houck, M. Harwit, Astrophys. J. (Lett.) 157, L45 (1969); K. Shivanandan, J. R. Houck, M. Harwit, Phys. Rev. Lett. 21, 1460 (1968). [CrossRef]
  2. R. H. Dicke, P. J. E. Peebles, P. G. Roll, D. T. Wilkinson, Astrophys. J. 142, 419 (1965). [CrossRef]
  3. V. J. Bortolet, J. F. Clauser, P. Thaddeus, Phys. Rev. Lett. 22, 307 (1969). [CrossRef]
  4. H. H. Aumann, F. J. Low, Astrophys. J. (Lett.) 159, L159 (1970); W. F. Hoffman, C. L. Frederick, Astrophys. J. (Lett.) 155, L9 (1969). [CrossRef]
  5. A. G. Blair, J. G. Beery, F. Edeskuty, R. D. Hiebert, D. M. Jones, J. P. Shipley, K. D. Williamson, Los Alamos Scientific Lab. Rept. No. LA-4357-MS (1970, unpublished).
  6. The cryostat was originally built by Cryenco, Inc., 4955 Bannock, St., Denver, Colo. 80216, with modifications made at our laboratory.
  7. D. W. Williamson, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 42, 712 (1952); R. C. Ohlmann, P. L. Richards, M. Tinkham, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 48, 531 (1958). [CrossRef]
  8. See, e.g., D. P. McNutt, K. Shivanandan, P. D. Feldman, Appl. Opt. 8, 2199 (1969). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Obtained from Bulova Watch Co., Inc., 81-20 Woodside Ave., Woodside, N.J. 11377.
  10. W. Witte, Infrared Phys. 5, 179 (1965). [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Yamada, A. Mitsuishi, H. Yoshinaga, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 52, 17 (1962). [CrossRef]
  12. R. Ulrich, Infrared Phys. 7, 37 (1967); Infrared Phys. 7, 65 (1967). [CrossRef]
  13. R. C. Jones, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 43, 1 (1953). [CrossRef]
  14. H. D. Drew, A. J. Sievers, Appl. Opt. 8, 2067 (1969); S. Zwerdling, R. A. Smith, J. P. Theriault, Infrared Phys. 8, 271 (1968); F. J. Low, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 51, 1300 (1961). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. Boule obtained from NPC Metals and Chemical Co., Los Angeles, Calif. The fabricated bolometers had typical operating resistances from 0.5 MΩ to 1.0 MΩ at 1.6 K.
  16. Model RA-12, manufactured by Texas Instruments, Inc., Dallas, Tex.
  17. A. R. Karoli, J. R. Hickey, R. E. Nelson, Appl. Opt. 6, 1183 (1967). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. 3M Nextel Brand Black Velvet Coating No. 401-C10, Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Co., 2121 Santa Ana Ave., Dallas, Tex. 75228.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited