A method is described by which a wavefront-reconstruction technique is utilized to record the effects of a turbulent medium on the propagation of optical beams. By this technique both amplitude and phase information in a two-dimensional cross section of a received optical beam are recorded. The mode structure of the source is not seen to be critical in this application.
P. H. Deitz and J. M. Evans, "Holographic Method of Measuring Scintillation Effects," Appl. Opt. 10, 1080-1082 (1971)