The persons and the methods they employed for designing Kodak camera lenses are recalled, from the earliest, almost symmetrical four-element air spaced lenses, designed by hand, through the large lenses made for aerial cameras during World War II and the introduction of rare-earth glasses and then plastics, to very high resolution modern lenses for microfilm cameras and high quality zoom lenses for Super-8-mm motion picture equipment, designed almost completely automatically by electronic computers. The most modern and powerful methods of evaluating optical-image quality, including the role of the humaneye, and the use of those methods for lens design and system and production engineering are described.
R. Kingslake, D. P. Feder, and C. P. Bray, "Optical Design at Kodak," Appl. Opt. 11, 50-53 (1972)