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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 11, Iss. 12 — Dec. 1, 1972
  • pp: 2851–2865

Degree and Direction of Polarization of Multiple Scattered Light. 1: Homogeneous Cloud Layers

George W. Kattawar and Gilbert N. Plass  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 11, Issue 12, pp. 2851-2865 (1972)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.11.002851


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Abstract

The degree of polarization as well as the direction of the polarization are calculated by a Monte Carlo method for homogeneous layers. Two solar zenith angles and a range of optical thicknesses up to 10 are considered. The results are compared with calculations for single scattered photons. For a given pair of incident and scattered directions, there are only two possible values for the direction of the polarization for single scattering: it must be within or perpendicular to the scattering plane. The choice between these two values depends only on the sign of the element M in the first row and second column of the scattering matrix in the I, Q U, V representation. In most cases there is little change in the direction of the polarization when multiple scattering is taken into account, so that this quantity with respect to a meridian plane can usually be predicted from a very simple trigonometric relationship to good accuracy. The partial scattering angles at which M changes sign are unique for a particular aerosol model. Thus different size distributions and indices of refraction can be distinguished by measurements of the direction of polarization.

© 1972 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: April 10, 1972
Published: December 1, 1972

Citation
George W. Kattawar and Gilbert N. Plass, "Degree and Direction of Polarization of Multiple Scattered Light. 1: Homogeneous Cloud Layers," Appl. Opt. 11, 2851-2865 (1972)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-11-12-2851


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References

  1. H. C. van de Hulst, K. Grossman, “Multiple Light Scattering in Planetary Atmospheres,” in The Atmospheres of Venus and Mars, J. C. Brandt, M. B. McElroy, Eds. (Gordon and Breach, New York, 1968), pp. 35–55.
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