A great variety of compounds occur in nature or have been synthesized in the laboratory that crystallize with the apatite structure. We have investigated a number of the apatites and found them to be excellent laser hosts for neodymium and holmium. The apatites described in this paper were grown using the Czochralski method, have low optical losses in the pump and emission spectral regions for neodymium and holmium, and the hosts have been developed to readily accept large concentrations of doping ions. This paper describes the crystal growth, physical properties, spectroscopy, and laser performance of this family of new laser materials.
© 1972 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: December 14, 1971
Published: May 1, 1972
K. B. Steinbruegge, T. Henningsen, R. H. Hopkins, R. Mazelsky, N. T. Melamed, E. P. Riedel, and G. W. Roland, "Laser Properties of Nd+3 and Ho+3 Doped Crystals with the Apatite Structure," Appl. Opt. 11, 999-1012 (1972)