A simple and sensitive method of measuring the thermally induced index changes arising from absorption of a laser beam in a low-loss material is described. The sample is placed outside the laser cavity, but at the position of minimum radius of curvature of the wavefront, which is a confocal distance behind the waist. It is estimated that the method is sensitive enough to measure absorption coefficients of the order of 5 × 10−6 cm−1 and it is shown experimentally to have good accuracy on low-loss materials. A detailed comparison of sensitivity and accuracy estimates is given for the various published thermal-lens methods for measuring low absorption coefficients. Although the method is illustrated for the thermal effect, it is applicable to other nonlinear index changes induced by laser beams.
© 1973 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: May 22, 1972
Published: January 1, 1973
Chenming Hu and J. R. Whinnery, "New Thermooptical Measurement Method and a Comparison with Other Methods," Appl. Opt. 12, 72-79 (1973)