OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 12, Iss. 3 — Mar. 1, 1973
  • pp: 541–550

Low Angle Laser Light Scattering—Absolute Calibration

Wilbur Kaye and A. J. Havlik  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 12, Issue 3, pp. 541-550 (1973)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.12.000541


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1210 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A new method for the calculation of the Rayleigh factor from low angle light scattering measurements is developed. This method does not require a uniform intensity illuminating beam, hence efficiently utilizes all the beam from a focused laser source. Scattering volume is then very small, reducing sample volume and interference from contaminant particles. All the parameters necessary for the calculation of the Rayleigh factor (including the exact dependence on sample refractive index) are measurable, hence absolute calibration is possible. Over-all error is estimated to be less than 2.3% under specified conditions. Measurements are possible at scattering angles as small as 2° obviating the need for angular extrapolations in the determination of molecular weight of most dissolved samples. Rayleigh factors at 22°C, 633 nm, and a scattering angle of 4° for water, methanol, benzene, and toluene, were found to be, respectively, 0.907, 2.56, 12.15, and 13.45 × 10−6 cm−1.

© 1973 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: July 12, 1972
Published: March 1, 1973

Citation
Wilbur Kaye and A. J. Havlik, "Low Angle Laser Light Scattering—Absolute Calibration," Appl. Opt. 12, 541-550 (1973)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-12-3-541


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. W. Kaye, A. J. Havlik, J. B. McDaniel, Polymer Lett. 9, 695 (1971). [CrossRef]
  2. A. J. Havlik, W. I. Kaye, “Measurement of Scattered Laser Light at Small Angles from Macromolecules in Solution,” Rayleigh Symposium, ACS, Washington D.C. (Sept. 1971).
  3. J. P. Kratohvil, G. Dezelic, M. Kerker, E. Matijevic, J. Polymer Sci. 57, 59 (1962). [CrossRef]
  4. G. D. Parfitt, J. A. Wood, Trans. Faraday Soc. 64, 805 (1968). [CrossRef]
  5. F. W. Billmeyer, H. I. Levine, P. J. Livesey, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 35, 204 (1971). [CrossRef]
  6. T. P. Wallace, M. T. Volosin, R. G. Delumyea, A. D. Gingello, J. Polymer Sci. A2 10, 193 (1972). [CrossRef]
  7. E. Ahad, B. R. Jennings, J. Phys. D 3, 1509 (1970). [CrossRef]
  8. G. Cohen, H. Eisenberg, J. Chem. Phys. 43, 3881 (1965). [CrossRef]
  9. D. J. Coumou, E. L. Mackor, J. Hijmans, Trans. Faraday Soc. 60, 1539 (1964). [CrossRef]
  10. G. Dezelic, J. Chem. Phys. 45, 185 (1966). [CrossRef]
  11. S. H. Maron, R. L. H. Lou, J. Polymer Sci. 14, 29 (1954). [CrossRef]
  12. B. R. Jennings, H. G. Jerrard, J. Polymer Sci. A2, 2025 (1964).
  13. B. R. Jennings, H. Plummer, J. Phys. D 1, 1201 (1968). [CrossRef]
  14. J. P. Kratohvil, C. Smart, J. Colloid Sci. 20, 875 (1965). [CrossRef]
  15. B. R. Jennings, J. Phys. D 3, L45 (1970). [CrossRef]
  16. J. P. Kratohvil, T. P. Wallace, J. Phys. D 3, 221 (1970). [CrossRef]
  17. C. I. Carr, B. H. Zimm, J. Chem. Phys. 18, 1616 (1950). [CrossRef]
  18. J. P. Kratohvil, L. E. Oppenheimer, M. Kerker, J. Phys. Chem. 70, 2834 (1966). [CrossRef]
  19. J. P. Kratohvil, Pub. 1573 (National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C., 1968), p. 59.
  20. B. A. Brice, M. Halwer, R. Speiser, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 40, 768 (1950). [CrossRef]
  21. B. A. Brice, M. Halwer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 44, 340 (1954). [CrossRef]
  22. Y. Tomimatsu, K. J. Palmer, J. Phys. Chem. 67, 1720 (1963). [CrossRef]
  23. J. P. Kratohvil, J. Coll. Interface Sci. 21, 498 (1966). [CrossRef]
  24. W. Heller, J. Witeczek, J. Phys. Chem. 74, 4241 (1970). [CrossRef]
  25. M. Kerker, J. P. Kratohvil, E. Matijevic, J. Polymer Sci. A2, 303 (1964).
  26. J. J. Hermans, S. Levinson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 41, 460 (1951). [CrossRef]
  27. J. Kremen, J. J. Shapiro, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 44, 500 (1954). [CrossRef]
  28. L. M. Kushner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 44, 155 (1954). [CrossRef]
  29. A. E. M. Keijzers, J. J. Van Aartsen, W. Prins, J. Appl. Phys. 36, 2874 (1965). [CrossRef]
  30. D. McIntyre, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand. 68A, 87 (1964). [CrossRef]
  31. D. K. Carpenter, W. R. Krigbaum, J. Chem. Phys. 24, 1041 (1956). [CrossRef]
  32. R. C. Hawes, Appl. Opt. 10, 1246 (1971). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. N. C. Ford, J. E. M. Owen, F. E. Karasz, Discuss. Faraday Soc. No. 49, 228 (1970). [CrossRef]
  34. M. Kerker, The Scattering of Light (Academic Press, New York, 1969).
  35. B. Chincholi, A. J. Havlik, R. D. Vold, unpublished results.
  36. J. L. Lundberg, E. J. Mooney, K. R. Gardner, Science 145, 1308 (1964). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  37. M. J. Cardamonre, J. L. Hunt, J. R. Stevens, Chem. Phys, Phys, Lett. 12, 628 (1972).
  38. R. C. C. Leite, R. S. Moore, S. P. Porto, J. Chem. Phys. 40, 3741 (1964). [CrossRef]
  39. H. J. Cantow, Makromol. Chem. 18/19, 367 (1956). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited