The explosive vaporization of individual water droplets (5 μm to 25 μm radius) by a 10.6-μm laser pulse has been observed with a high speed schlieren photography system. The hot vapor and the shock wave produced by the explosive vaporization can be clearly seen in the schlieren photographs. The expansion rate of the heated air mass has been measured. Factors affecting the shape of the volume of heated air are discussed, and the energy balance of the process is considered.
Peter Kafalas and Jan Herrmann, "Dynamics and Energetics of the Explosive Vaporization of Fog Droplets by a 10.6-µm Laser Pulse," Appl. Opt. 12, 772-775 (1973)