OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 13, Iss. 11 — Nov. 1, 1974
  • pp: 2602–2608

Wind and Refractive-Turbulence Sensing Using Crossed Laser Beams

Ting-i Wang, S. F. Clifford, and G. R. Ochs  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 13, Issue 11, pp. 2602-2608 (1974)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (747 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The theory of optical propagation through atmospheric turbulence demonstrates the sensitivity of such quantities as log-amplitude variance and covariance to strength of refractive turbulence and transverse wind. We exploit this sensitivity by using a crossed-path technique to derive path profiles of these quantities. The results are insensitive to changes in the spatial spectrum of the refractive-index variations. The path resolution is easily varied by changing the receiver and transmitter separations and is ultimately limited by signal-to-noise considerations. The experimental results for horizontal paths, described here, will ultimately be used to indicate the feasibility of profiling on vertical paths with passive sources.

© 1974 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: March 7, 1974
Published: November 1, 1974

Ting-i Wang, S. F. Clifford, and G. R. Ochs, "Wind and Refractive-Turbulence Sensing Using Crossed Laser Beams," Appl. Opt. 13, 2602-2608 (1974)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. R. S. Lawrence, G. R. Ochs, S. F. Clifford, Appl. Opt. 11, 239 (1972). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. L. Shen, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. AP-18, 493 (1970). [CrossRef]
  3. A. Ishimaru, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. AP-20, 10 (1972). [CrossRef]
  4. P. A. Mandics, R. W. Lee, A. T. Waterman, Radio Sci. 8, 185 (1973). [CrossRef]
  5. P. A. Mandics, Ph.D. Dissertation, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif. (1971).
  6. J. C. Harp, Ph.D. Thesis, AFCRL-71-0451, SU-SEL-71-042, Scientific Report 1 (1971).
  7. A. G. Kjelaas, G. R. Ochs, J. Appl. Meteor., 13, 242 (1974). [CrossRef]
  8. J. Vernin, F. Roddier, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 270 (1973). [CrossRef]
  9. R. W. Lee, J. C. Harp, Proc. IEEE 57, 375 (1969). [CrossRef]
  10. A. N. Kolmogorov, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 30, 299 (1941).
  11. S. Corrsin, J. Appl. Phys. 22, 469 (1951). [CrossRef]
  12. S. F. Clifford, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 1285 (1971). [CrossRef]
  13. R. S. Lawrence, G. R. Ochs, S. F. Clifford, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 826 (1970). [CrossRef]
  14. S. F. Clifford, G. R. Ochs, R. S. Lawrence, J. Opt. Soc. Am., 64, 148 (1974). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited