OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 13, Iss. 5 — May. 1, 1974
  • pp: 1141–1146

Optical Response of High-Power Laser Windows–Ultrashort Pulse Regime

J. D. O’Keefe and R. L. Johnson  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 13, Issue 5, pp. 1141-1146 (1974)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (586 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The passage of a high-power laser pulse through a material window can result in optical distortion that significantly reduces the far-field irradiance. Optical distortion due to pulses having durations on the order of the acoustic wave propagation time through the thickness of the window is a result of heating by the absorbed laser energy and thermally induced plane-strain stress waves. For a given laser pulse duration and axially symmetric irradiance distribution, expressions are derived for the evolution of the window’s aberation function. It is shown that, in this pulse regime, there is no stress induced birefringence and the evolution of the beam profile is such that the Gaussian focus always propagates towards the window aperture. Expressions are derived for the threshold for fracturing. It is shown that in the case of KBr fracturing occurs before lensing whereas for CdTe, Ge, and TI-1173 glass, lensing occurs before fracturing.

© 1974 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: August 31, 1973
Published: May 1, 1974

J. D. O’Keefe and R. L. Johnson, "Optical Response of High-Power Laser Windows–Ultrashort Pulse Regime," Appl. Opt. 13, 1141-1146 (1974)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. M. Sparks, J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5029 (1971). [CrossRef]
  2. F. A. Horrigan, T. F. Deutch, QPR No. 3 Contract DAAH01-70-C-1251, Raytheon Corporation (1970).
  3. F. A. Horrigan, Conference on High Power Infrared Laser Window Materials, AFCLL-71-0592 (1971).
  4. B. Bendow, P. D. Gianino, Appl. Opt. 12, 710 (1973). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. Marburger, M. Flannery, Conference of High Power Infrared Laser Window Materials, AFCRL-71-0592, p. 11 (1971).
  6. D. A. Holmes, J. E. Korka, P. Avizonis, Appl. Opt. 11, 565 (1972). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. R. Jasperse, P. D. Gianino, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 1686 (1972). [CrossRef]
  8. J. D. O’Keefe, R. L. Johnson, D. A. Evensen, Conference on High Power Infrared Laser Window Materials, AFC-TR-73-0372(1), 19June1973.
  9. M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Interscience Publishers, New York, 1964), Chap. 9.
  10. J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1968).
  11. L. N. Morland, AIAA J. 6, 1063 (1968). [CrossRef]
  12. B. Bendow, J. R. Jasperse, P. D. Gianino, Opt. Commun. 5, 98 (1972). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited