OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 15, Iss. 12 — Dec. 1, 1976
  • pp: 3021–3024

Dynamically produced refractive-index variations with thickness of volume holograms in electrooptic crystals

R. Magnusson and T. K. Gaylord  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 15, Issue 12, pp. 3021-3024 (1976)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (471 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Dynamic theory of volume holography is used to calculate the variations in the thickness direction of the hologram-constituting refractive-index modulation and the externally observable effects of these variations in electrooptic materials. It is shown that thick holographic gratings may exhibit significant amplitude and grating phase variations with thickness including amplitude sign reversal. These nonuniformities strongly affect holographic grating recording and readout characteristics such as maximum possible diffraction efficiency and angular selectivity. Thus a variety of grating applications will be affected by these nonuniformities.

© 1976 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: August 2, 1976
Published: December 1, 1976

R. Magnusson and T. K. Gaylord, "Dynamically produced refractive-index variations with thickness of volume holograms in electrooptic crystals," Appl. Opt. 15, 3021-3024 (1976)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. C. B. Burckhardt, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1502 (1966). [CrossRef]
  2. H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
  3. Y. Ninomiya, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 1124 (1973). [CrossRef]
  4. R. Magnusson, T. K. Gaylord, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 190 (1976). [CrossRef]
  5. D. Kermisch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 1202 (1971). [CrossRef]
  6. W. J. Tomlinson, Appl. Opt. 14, 2456 (1975). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. G. A. Alphonse, R. C. Alig, D. L. Staebler, W. Phillips, RCA Rev. 36, 213 (1975).
  8. S. F. Su, T. K. Gaylord, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 5208 (1975). [CrossRef]
  9. S. F. Su, T. K. Gaylord, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2757 (1976). [CrossRef]
  10. D. L. Staebler, J. J. Amodei, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 1042 (1972). [CrossRef]
  11. J. J. Amodei, D. L. Staebler, RCA Rev. 33, 71 (1972).
  12. D. W. Vahey, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 3510 (1975). [CrossRef]
  13. L. Young, W. K. Y. Wong, M. L. W. Thewalt, W. D. Cornish, Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 264 (1974). [CrossRef]
  14. R. Magnusson, Ph.D. Thesis, Georgia Institute of Technology (1976).
  15. The finding reported here that the intensity inequality of the incident writing beams indeed has significant effects on thick hologram behavior seems to be in contradiction with a statement by Ninomiya3 that the intensity ratio of the incident beams does not influence unslanted transmission holograms.
  16. D. Kermisch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 1409 (1969). [CrossRef]
  17. N. Uchida, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 280 (1973). [CrossRef]
  18. From a theoretical point of view, it is interesting to note that H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 55, 109 (1976), in analyzing Bragg filtering of structures with nonuniform coupling coefficients and period in the direction of propagation, obtains similar sidelobe obliteration (in his reflectivity function) for (linear) nonuniformity in the coupling coefficient and asymmetric behavior relative to the Bragg frequency for (quadratic) nonuniformity in the period.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited