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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 15, Iss. 12 — Dec. 1, 1976
  • pp: 3021–3024

Dynamically produced refractive-index variations with thickness of volume holograms in electrooptic crystals

R. Magnusson and T. K. Gaylord  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 15, Issue 12, pp. 3021-3024 (1976)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.15.003021


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Abstract

Dynamic theory of volume holography is used to calculate the variations in the thickness direction of the hologram-constituting refractive-index modulation and the externally observable effects of these variations in electrooptic materials. It is shown that thick holographic gratings may exhibit significant amplitude and grating phase variations with thickness including amplitude sign reversal. These nonuniformities strongly affect holographic grating recording and readout characteristics such as maximum possible diffraction efficiency and angular selectivity. Thus a variety of grating applications will be affected by these nonuniformities.

© 1976 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: August 2, 1976
Published: December 1, 1976

Citation
R. Magnusson and T. K. Gaylord, "Dynamically produced refractive-index variations with thickness of volume holograms in electrooptic crystals," Appl. Opt. 15, 3021-3024 (1976)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-15-12-3021


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References

  1. C. B. Burckhardt, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1502 (1966). [CrossRef]
  2. H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
  3. Y. Ninomiya, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 1124 (1973). [CrossRef]
  4. R. Magnusson, T. K. Gaylord, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 190 (1976). [CrossRef]
  5. D. Kermisch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 1202 (1971). [CrossRef]
  6. W. J. Tomlinson, Appl. Opt. 14, 2456 (1975). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  14. R. Magnusson, Ph.D. Thesis, Georgia Institute of Technology (1976).
  15. The finding reported here that the intensity inequality of the incident writing beams indeed has significant effects on thick hologram behavior seems to be in contradiction with a statement by Ninomiya3 that the intensity ratio of the incident beams does not influence unslanted transmission holograms.
  16. D. Kermisch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 1409 (1969). [CrossRef]
  17. N. Uchida, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 280 (1973). [CrossRef]
  18. From a theoretical point of view, it is interesting to note that H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 55, 109 (1976), in analyzing Bragg filtering of structures with nonuniform coupling coefficients and period in the direction of propagation, obtains similar sidelobe obliteration (in his reflectivity function) for (linear) nonuniformity in the coupling coefficient and asymmetric behavior relative to the Bragg frequency for (quadratic) nonuniformity in the period.

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