Transparent heat-mirror films, which transmit solar radiation but reflect ir thermal radiation, have potentially important applications in solar/thermal/electric conversion, solar heating, solar photovoltaic conversion, and window insulation. We have used rf sputtering to prepare two types of films: TiO2/Ag/TiO2 and Sn-doped In2O3. To characterize the properties of heat-mirror films for solar-energy collection, we define the parameters αeff, the effective solar absorptivity, and ∊eff, the effective ir emissivity. For our Sn-doped In2O3 films, αeff/∊eff is comparable to the values of α/∊ reported for the leading selective absorbers. Even higher values of αeff/∊eff are obtained for the TiO2/Ag/TiO2 films.
© 1976 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: November 6, 1975
Published: April 1, 1976
John C. C. Fan and Frank J. Bachner, "Transparent heat mirrors for solar-energy applications," Appl. Opt. 15, 1012-1017 (1976)