OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 16, Iss. 8 — Aug. 1, 1977
  • pp: 2180–2194

Wavelength multiplexing in multimode optical fibers

W. J. Tomlinson  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 16, Issue 8, pp. 2180-2194 (1977)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.16.002180


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2116 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The capacity of optical fiber transmission systems could be increased by multiplexing several signals at different wavelengths on each fiber. This paper considers various multiplex system designs that might be used with multimode fiber transmission systems. In each case, the required multiplexer size and material properties are calculated as functions of the basic parameters of the fiber system. For fiber systems of the type currently being tested, a compact (~2 mm in diameter × 1 cm long), rugged, three-channel multiplexer could be constructed using a blazed plane reflection grating and graded-refractive-index (GRIN) optics; and it appears that such devices could be produced using available materials and technology. Multiplexers using thick gratings or multilayer dielectric filters are larger, more complicated, and require materials at the very edge of available technology. Multiplexers using a multiple thick grating or hologram could be even smaller than the blazed-grating devices, but materials having the required characteristics have not been demonstrated.

© 1977 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: February 18, 1977
Published: August 1, 1977

Citation
W. J. Tomlinson, "Wavelength multiplexing in multimode optical fibers," Appl. Opt. 16, 2180-2194 (1977)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-16-8-2180


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. I. Jacobs, Bell Lab. Rec. 54, 290 (1976).
  2. R. D. Burnham, D. R. Scifres, W. Streifer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 287 (1976); F. K. Reinhart, R. A. Logan, C. V. Shank, Appl. Phys. Lett. 27, 45 (1975). [CrossRef]
  3. K. Aiki, M. Nakamura, J. Umeda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 506 (1976). [CrossRef]
  4. D. Gloge, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 55, 905 (1976); C. M. Miller, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 55, 917 (1976).
  5. F. A. Jenkins, H. E. White, Fundamentals of Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1957), pp. 454–5.
  6. S. S. Ballard, J. S. Browder, J. F. Ebersole, in American Institute of Physics Handbook, D. E. Gray, Ed. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1972), p. 6–14.
  7. Ref. 6, p. 6–54
  8. For prism multiplexers the optical pathlength W is approximately equal to the prism base B and using Eq. (6) with m = 3, n′ = 1, B/b = 1, we find that S = 0.05(dn/dλ). Thus for all the prism materials discussed S ≲ 10−2.
  9. G. R. Harrison, R. C. Lord, J. R. Loofbourow, Practical Spectroscopy (Blackie, London, 1948), pp. 71–2.
  10. H. G. Beutler, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 35, 311 (1945). [CrossRef]
  11. H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
  12. W. W. Rigrod, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 97, 895 (1974). [CrossRef]
  13. W. J. Tomlinson, E. A. Chandross, H. P. Weber, G. D. Aumiller, Appl. Opt. 15, 534 (1976). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. W. J. Tomlinson, Appl. Opt. 14, 2456 (1975). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. S. E. Miller, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 44, 2017 (1965).
  16. E. T. Kornhauser, A. D. YaghjianRadio Sci. 2, 299 (1967).
  17. E. G. Rawson, D. R. Herriot, J. McKenna, Appl. Opt. 9, 753 (1970). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. D. Kermisch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 1409 (1969). [CrossRef]
  19. A. D. Pearson, W. G. French, E. G. Rawson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 76 (1969). [CrossRef]
  20. Y. Ohtsuka, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 247 (1973); K. Iga, K. Yokomori, T. Sakayori, Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 578 (1975). [CrossRef]
  21. E. G. Rawson, R. G. Murray, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 1114 (1973). [CrossRef]
  22. W. G. French, J. B. MacChesney, A. D. Pearson, “Glass Fibers for Optical Communications,” in Annual Review of Materials Science (Annual Reviews, Palo Alto, 1975), (Vol. 5,) pp. 373–94. [CrossRef]
  23. T. A. Litovitz, P. B. Macedo, C. T. Moynihan, C. J. Montrose, R. D. Mohr, J. H. Simmons, “Fiber Optic Waveguides by Molecular Stuffing,” ADA022272 (1975).
  24. W. J. Tomlinson, G. D. Aumiller (to be published in Appl. Phys. Lett.31, Aug.1977). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited