OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 16, Iss. 8 — Aug. 1, 1977
  • pp: 2308–2314

Integrated construction of low-cost gas lasers

Michael E. Fein and Charles W. Salisbury  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 16, Issue 8, pp. 2308-2314 (1977)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2244 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Helium–neon lasers have been fabricated using methods and materials particularly suited to high-volume in-line production. Pilot-project results suggest that satisfactory life and performance can probably be achieved in production lasers incorporating pressed or ground soft-glass parts, extensive solder-glass seals, and thin-film-metallization cathodes. The new construction methods suggested should lead to other innovative laser products.

© 1977 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: January 3, 1977
Published: August 1, 1977

Michael E. Fein and Charles W. Salisbury, "Integrated construction of low-cost gas lasers," Appl. Opt. 16, 2308-2314 (1977)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. U. Hochuli, P. R. Haldemann, Gas Laser, U.S. Patent3,614,642, (19October1971).
  2. J. P. Goldsborough, in Laser Handbook, F. T. Arecchi, Ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1972), pp. 597ff.
  3. G. Francis, “The Glow Discharge at Low Pressure,” in Handbuch der Physik, S. Flugge, Ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1956), Vol. 22. [CrossRef]
  4. cf. O. A. Boyarchikov, A. S. Shipalov, T. Mosk. Energ. Inst. Radioelektron. No. 108, 89 (1972). English translation available from National Technical Information Service as AD771885.
  5. J. Gallup, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 29, 277 (1946). [CrossRef]
  6. E. J. Panner, “Catastrophic Early Life Electron Tube Failure as a Result of Electrolytic Currents Flowing Through the Glaas Bulb,” in Advances in Electron Tube Techniques (Proceedings of the Fifth National Conference), David Slater, Ed. (Pergamon, New York1961).
  7. R. H. Dalton, “Electrolysis and Polarization in Glass,” in Comptes Rendus VIIeCongrès International du Verre, Bruxelles (Institut National du Verre, Charleroi, Belgique, 1965).
  8. cf. D. C. Sinclair, W. Earl Bell, Gas Laser Technology (Holt, Rinehart, New York, 1969).
  9. K. Andringa, Laser gyroscope, U.S. Patent3,930,731 (1976).
  10. U. Hochuli, P. Haldemann, D. Hardwick, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-3, 612 (1967). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited