OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 17, Iss. 10 — May. 15, 1978
  • pp: 1562–1567

Composite bolometers for submillimeter wavelengths

N. S. Nishioka, P. L. Richards, and D. P. Woody  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 17, Issue 10, pp. 1562-1567 (1978)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (857 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The fabrication and optimization of composite submillimeter wave bolometers with metal film absorbing elements and doped Ge thermometers are described. Performance characteristics are given for 4 × 4-mm bolometers designed for operation at both 4He and 3He temperatures. The performance expected from such bolometers when they are optimized for various values of background loading is calculated. Current dependent noise, which can arise from any of several sources, is included in the analysis. This can make it impossible to reach the background fluctuation noise limit. Feed structures for these bolometers which employ Winston light concentrators are described.

© 1978 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: May 16, 1977
Published: May 15, 1978

N. S. Nishioka, P. L. Richards, and D. P. Woody, "Composite bolometers for submillimeter wavelengths," Appl. Opt. 17, 1562-1567 (1978)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. F. J. Low, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 1300 (1961). [CrossRef]
  2. N. Coron, G. Dambier, J. Leblanc, in Infrared Detector Techniques for Space Research, V. Manno, J. Ring, Eds. (D. Reidel, Dordrecht-Holland, 1971), pp. 121–131.
  3. F. J. Low, private communication.
  4. J. Clarke, G. I. Hoffer, P. L. Richards, Rev. Phys. Appl. 9, 69 (1974). [CrossRef]
  5. M. W. Werner, J. H. Elias, D. Y. Gezari, M. G. Hauser, W. E. Westbrook, Astrophys. J. 199, L185 (1975). [CrossRef]
  6. J. Clarke, G. I. Hoffer, P. L. Richards, N.-H. Yeh, in Low Temperature Physics—LT14, M. Krusius, M. Vuorio, Eds. (American Elsevier, New York, 1975), Vol. 4, pp. 226–229.
  7. G. I. Hoffer, Ph.D. thesis, U. California and Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory Report 3759 (1975) (unpublished).
  8. J. Clarke, G. I. Hoffer, P. L. Richards, N.-H. Yeh, J. Appl. Phys. (submitted).
  9. Bolometer optimization has been considered by a number of authors including, for example, S. Zwerdling, R. A. Smith, J. P. Theriault, Infrared Phys. 8, 271 (1968),Infrared Inc. Laboratories (unpublished promotional literature), N. Coron, Infrared Phys.16, 411 (1976). [CrossRef]
  10. W. B. Lewis, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 57, 34 (1947). [CrossRef]
  11. Some authors introduce the bolometer dynamic resistance into the noise expressions derived from equilibrium thermodynamics. This plausible procedure does not appear to have been justified by a proper nonequilibrium analysis. An analogous problem arises with the quantity G in the thermal noise term. Since these corrections change our bolometer optimization by less than 30%, we have not introduced them into this manuscript.
  12. F. J. Low, A. R. Hoffman, Appl. Opt. 2, 649 (1963). [CrossRef]
  13. R. C. Jones, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 1 (1953). [CrossRef]
  14. D. P. Woody, J. C. Mather, N. S. Nishioka, P. L. Richards, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 1036 (1975). [CrossRef]
  15. H. D. Drew, A. J. Sievers, Appl. Opt. 8, 2067 (1969).We are grateful to Sievers for furnishing the thermometer material used in the 3He temperature bolometer listed in Table II. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. R. Winston, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 245 (1970). [CrossRef]
  17. A. Rabl, R. Winston, Appl. Opt. 15, 2880 (1976). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. D. A. Harper, R. H. Hildebrand, R. Stiening, R. Winston, Appl. Opt. 15, 53 (1976). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4 Fig. 5

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited