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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 17, Iss. 16 — Aug. 15, 1978
  • pp: 2629–2636

Plant canopy light absorption model with application to wheat

J. E. Chance and E. W. LeMaster  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 17, Issue 16, pp. 2629-2636 (1978)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.17.002629


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Abstract

A light absorption model (LAM) for vegetative plant canopies has been derived from the Suits reflectance model. From the LAM the absorption of light in the photosynthetically active region of the spectrum (400–700 nm) has been calculated for a Penjamo wheat crop for several situations including (a) the percent absorption of the incident radiation by a canopy of LAI 3.1 having a four-layer structure, (b) the percent absorption of light by the individual layers within a four-layer canopy and by the underlying soil, (c) the percent absorption of light by each vegetative canopy layer for variable sun angle, and (d) the cumulative solar energy absorbed by the developing wheat canopy as it progresses from a single layer through its growth stages to a three-layer canopy. This calculation is also presented as a function of the leaf area index and is shown to be in agreement with experimental data reported by Kanemasu on Plainsman V wheat.

© 1978 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: October 14, 1977
Published: August 15, 1978

Citation
J. E. Chance and E. W. LeMaster, "Plant canopy light absorption model with application to wheat," Appl. Opt. 17, 2629-2636 (1978)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-17-16-2629


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References

  1. E. Kanemasu, “Estimated Winter Wheat Yield from Crop Growth Predicted by LANDSAT,” Final Report, NASA, Johnson Space Center, NAS9-14899 (1977).
  2. W. Duncan, R. Loomis, W. Williams, R. Hanau, Hilgardia 38, 181 (1967).
  3. G. Arkin, R. Vanderlip, J. Ritchie, Trans. ASAE 19, 622 (1976).
  4. G. Suits, Remote Sensing Environ. 2, 117 (1972). [CrossRef]
  5. D. Gates, Science 151, 523 (1966). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. Bassham, Science 197, 630 (1977). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Chance, E. LeMaster, Appl. Opt. 16, 407 (1977). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. G. Suits, G. Safir, Remote Sensing Environ. 2, 183 (1972). [CrossRef]
  9. W. Allen, T. Gayle, A. Richardson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 372 (1970). [CrossRef]
  10. W. Wendlandt, H. Hecht, Reflectance Spectroscopy (Wiley, New York, 1966).
  11. J. Chance, J. Cantu, “A Study of Plant Canopy Reflectance Models,” Final Report on Faculty Research Grant, Pan American U. (1975).
  12. K. Leith, “Functioning of Terrestrial Ecosystem at the Primary Production Level,” F. Edcardt, Ed. (UNESCO, Paris, 1968), p. 233–243.
  13. W. Allen, J. Richardson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 1023 (1968). [CrossRef]
  14. C. L. Wiegand, USDA, SEA, Weslaco, TX, private communication.

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