OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 17, Iss. 4 — Feb. 15, 1978
  • pp: 604–613

Balloon-borne ultraviolet stellar echelle spectrograph

R. Hoekstra, T. M. Kamperman, C. W. Wells, and W. Werner  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 17, Issue 4, pp. 604-613 (1978)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1384 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



During the nights of 19, 20 May 1976 and 16, 17 September 1976, an 800-kg astronomical payload, developed by the NASA Johnson Space Center at Houston and the Astronomical Institute at Utrecht, was floating at 40-km altitude and recorded high-resolution uv spectra of stars. The spectral region of 200–340 nm was covered with a spectral resolution of 0.01 nm. The optical system consisted of a 40-cm diam telescope with 1-sec of arc pointing capabilities, an echelle spectrograph working in spectral orders 66 to 112 and a SEC-vidicon integrating detector. Due to the high spectral simultaneity gain of the system 53 complete spectra of thirty-three different stars, with spectral types between O9.5 and M2 and with visual magnitudes between 0 and 4.5, could be obtained during the two nights of observation. Ozone in the residual atmosphere above 40 km reduces the atmospheric transmission around 250 nm to approximately 0.1, but with suitable integration times also in this region stars can be studied spectroscopically from balloon altitudes.

© 1978 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: April 22, 1977
Published: February 15, 1978

R. Hoekstra, T. M. Kamperman, C. W. Wells, and W. Werner, "Balloon-borne ultraviolet stellar echelle spectrograph," Appl. Opt. 17, 604-613 (1978)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. Y. Kondo, R. T. Giuli, J. L. Modisette, A. E. Rydgren, Astrophys. J. 176, 153 (1972). [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Kondo, T. H. Morgan, J. L. Modisette, Astrophys. J. 207, 167 (1976). [CrossRef]
  3. R. Hoekstra, K. van der Hucht, T. Kamperman, H. Lamers, A. Hammerschlag, W. Werner, Nature, Phys. Sci. 236, 121 (1972). [CrossRef]
  4. C. de Jager, R. Hoekstra, K. A. van der Hucht, T. M. Kamperman, H. J. Lamers, A. Hammerschlag, W. Werner, J. G. Emming, Astrophys. Space Sci. 26, 207 (1974). [CrossRef]
  5. M. Bottema, A. J. Ray, C. W. Wells, in Instrumentation in Astronomy, SPIE Proc. 28, 261 (1972). [CrossRef]
  6. M. Bottema, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 661 (1971).
  7. W. C. Gibson, D. C. Guthals, J. W. Jensen, J. A. Eccher, in Instrumentation in Astronomy, SPIE Proc. 28, 249 (1972). [CrossRef]
  8. C. Navach, M. Lehman, D. Huguenin, Astron. Astrophys. 22, 361 (1973).
  9. M. Bottema, R. A. Woodruff, Appl. Opt. 10, 300 (1971). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. P. Zucchino, J. C. Lowrance, in Astronomical Use of Television Type Sensors, NASA publication SP-256 (Government Printing Office, Washington D.C., 1971), p. 27.
  11. T. M. Kamperman, in Image Processing Techniques in Astronomy, C. de Jager, Ed., Astrophys. Space Sci. Lib.54, 127 (1975). [CrossRef]
  12. D. Hoffleit, Ed. Catalogue of Bright Stars, (Yale University Observatory, 1964).
  13. V. Kaufman, B. Edlén, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 3, 825 (1974). [CrossRef]
  14. C. E. Moore, An Ultraviolet Multiplet Table, National Bureau of Standards Circular 488 (Government Printing Office, Washington D.C., 1950), Sec. 2.
  15. P. Crane, in Astronomical Observations with Television-type Sensors, J. W. Glaspey, G. A. H. Walker, Eds. (Institute of Astronomy & Space Science, University of British Columbia, Canada, 1973), p. 391.
  16. K. A. van der Hucht, H. Lamers, R. Faraggiana, M. Hack, R. Stalio, Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 25, 65 (1976).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited