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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 17, Iss. 4 — Feb. 15, 1978
  • pp: 614–620

Four-component polarization measurement of lidar atmospheric scattering

J. D. Houston and A. I. Carswell  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 17, Issue 4, pp. 614-620 (1978)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.17.000614


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Abstract

Measurements of the backscattering from the lower atmosphere of linearly polarized ruby lidar pulses at 694 nm are described. A four-channel receiver provides simultaneous measurements of the four components of the Stokes vector of the scattered radiation. These data are used to obtain information on the polarization state of the scattering and its dependence on atmospheric conditions. Results are presented and discussed for clear air, hazes, and several cloud types. In water droplet clouds some rotation of the plane of polarization and changes in ellipticity are noted in the backscattered wave. Linear polarization of the penetrating lidar beam is strongly preserved even in quite dense clouds. In view of the increased complexity of the four-component measurement technique it would appear that in such cases two-channel measurements of δ would be the most efficient lidar approach.

© 1978 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: May 16, 1977
Published: February 15, 1978

Citation
J. D. Houston and A. I. Carswell, "Four-component polarization measurement of lidar atmospheric scattering," Appl. Opt. 17, 614-620 (1978)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-17-4-614


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References

  1. S. R. Pal, A. I. Carswell, Appl. Opt.1530 (1973). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. W. R. McNeil, A. I. Carswell, Appl. Opt. 14, 2158 (1975). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. R. Pal, A. I. Carswell, Appl. Opt. 15, 1990 (1976). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. D. Clarke, J. F. Grainger, Polarized Light and Optical Measurements (Pergamon, Oxford, 1971).
  5. F. Perrin, J. Chem. Phys. 10, 415 (1942). [CrossRef]
  6. H. C. van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles (Wiley, New York, 1957).
  7. M. E. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, London, 1974).
  8. K. Sassen, J. Appl. Meteorol. 15, 292 (1976). [CrossRef]
  9. A. I. Carswell, J. S. Ryan, S. R. Pal, “Atmospheric Aerosols: Their Optical Properties and Effects,” NASA CP-2004 (December1976).
  10. S. R. Pal, A. I. Carswell, J. Appl. Meteorol. 16, 70 (1977). [CrossRef]
  11. A. Ye Tyabotov, Tr. Tsentr. Aerol. Obs. 84, 94 (1967);JPRS 50172 (March1970).

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