OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 17, Iss. 6 — Mar. 15, 1978
  • pp: 856–862

Laser isotope separation of rare earth elements

N. V. Karlov, B. B. Krynetskii, V. A. Mishin, and A. M. Prokhorov  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 17, Issue 6, pp. 856-862 (1978)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.17.000856


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (582 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The experimental results on the laser isotope separation of the neodimium, samarium, europium, gadolinium dysprosium and erbium by the selective two-step photoionization are given. The rare earth elements have been chosen for the investigation because they constitute a good series of the very similar but different atoms that are heavy enough and allow experiments to be carried out that are representative enough The experimental technique developed for the laser isotope separation experiments has been applied to measure the excitation energy transfer cross sections at the collisions in the gas of the same atoms (153Eu ↔ 151Eu, σ = 1.4 × 10−13cm2).The combination of the selective two-step photoionization and ion mass filtration allowed us to develop a very convenient technique for the precise measurement of hyperfine structure in the spectrum of odd isotopes. The examples of dysprosium and erbium are given. The technique is good for the rare and unstable isotopes as well. The ionization cross sections for the transition starting off the excited level have been estimated (≈ 10−17 cm2). For the example of gadolinium the possibility of creating neutral atomic vapor dense enough for laser isotope separation by the electron-beam evaporation technique has been demonstrated.

© 1978 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: June 3, 1977
Published: March 15, 1978

Citation
N. V. Karlov, B. B. Krynetskii, V. A. Mishin, and A. M. Prokhorov, "Laser isotope separation of rare earth elements," Appl. Opt. 17, 856-862 (1978)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-17-6-856


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. N. V. Karlov, A. M. Prokhorov, Usp. Fiz. Nauk 118, 483 (1976) [Sov. Phys. Usp. 19, 285 (1976)]. [CrossRef]
  2. V. S. Letokhov, C. B. Moore, Kvanotovaya Electron (Moscow) 3, 248 (1976) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 6, 129 (1976)].
  3. N. G. Basov et al., Usp. Fiz. Nauk 121, 427 (1977) [Sov. Phys. Usp 20, 209 (1977)]. [CrossRef]
  4. N. V. Karlov, B. A. Krynetskii, V. A. Mishin, A. M. Prokhorov, A. D. Saveliev, V. V. Smirnov, Kvantovaya Electron (Moscow) 3, 2486 (1976) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 6, 1363 (1976)].
  5. N. V. Karlov, B. B. Krynetskii, S. V. Kouzmin, V. A. Mishin, A. M. Prokhorov, Kvantovaya Electron (Moscow) 3, 2503 (1976) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 6, 1376 (1976)].
  6. N. V. Karlov, B. B. Krynetskii, V. A. Mishin, A. M. Prokhorov, A. D. Saveliev, V. V. Smirnov, Pisma Zh. Teor. Fiz. 2, 961 (1971).
  7. N. V. Karlov, B. B. Krynetskii, V. A. Mishiv, A. M. Prokhorov, Pisma Zh. Eskp. Teor. Fiz.25, 318 (1977) [JETP Lett. 25, in press (1977)].
  8. N. N. Karlov, B. B. Krynetskii, V. A. Mishin, A. M. Prokhorov, Pisma Zh. Eskp. Teor. Fiz.25, 518 (1977) [JETP Lett. 25, in press (1977)].
  9. V. V. Karlov, B. B. Krunetskii, V. A. Mishin, FIAN Preprint N48 (1977).
  10. N. V. Karlov, A. M. Prokhorov, Kvantovaya Electron (Moscow) 2, 1671 (1975) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 5, 904 (1975)].
  11. N. V. Karlov, Yu. B. Konev, A. M. Prokhorov, Kvantovaya Electron (Moscow) 2, 2453 (1975) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 5, 1336 (1975)].
  12. R. V. Ambartsumian, V. P. Kalinin, V. S. Letokhov, Pisma Zh. Eskp. Teor. Fiz. 13, 305 (1971) [JETP Lett. 13, 217 (1971)].
  13. N. V. Karlov, Yu. B. Konev, A. M. Prokhorov, Pisma Zh. Eskp. Teor. Fiz. 13, 178 (1971) [JETP Lett. 14, 117 (1971)].
  14. S. A. Tuccio, T. W. Durbin, O. G. Peterson, A. B. Snavely, Eighth International Quantum Electronics Conference, San Francisco, Postdeadline paper Q14 (1974).
  15. N. V. Istshenko, V. N. Lisitsin, A. H. Pajev, Appl. Phys. 12, 55 (1977). [CrossRef]
  16. P. Keinkomberg, Physica 12, 33 (1946). [CrossRef]
  17. W. Aebertson, Phys. Rev. 52, 644 (1977). [CrossRef]
  18. A. R. Striganov, V. A. Katulin, V. V. Eliseev, Opt. Spektrosk. 12, 171 (1962) [Opt. Spectrosc. 12, 91 (1962).].
  19. H. V. Russel, A. S. King, Astrophys. J. 90, 155 (1939) [CrossRef]
  20. P. Brix, Z. Phys. 132, 579 (1952). [CrossRef]
  21. W. Abbertson, Phys. Rev. 49, 208 (1936).
  22. H. V. Russel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 40, 550 (1950). [CrossRef]
  23. J. G. Conwag, E. F. Warden, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 704 (1971). [CrossRef]
  24. J. Ross, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 548 (1972). [CrossRef]
  25. A. Y. Cabezas, J. Lindren, R. Marrus, Phys. Rev. 122, 1796 (1964). [CrossRef]
  26. N. Spector, S. Held, Astrophys. J. 167, 193 (1971). [CrossRef]
  27. I. I. Sobelman, Experimental and Theoretical Atomic Spectroscopy (Fiz. Mat. Lit., Moscow, 1963).
  28. B. M. Smirnov, Asimptoticheskie metody u teormi atomnykh stolknovenii (Atomizdat, Moscow, 1977).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited