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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 18, Iss. 21 — Nov. 1, 1979
  • pp: 3587–3594

Atmospheric modeling for space measurements of ground reflectances, including bidirectional properties

D. Tanre, M. Herman, P. Y. Deschamps, and A. de Leffe  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 18, Issue 21, pp. 3587-3594 (1979)

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A fairly accurate analytical expression of the measured reflectance is established for the general case of a non-Lambertian and nonuniform ground by separating the atmospheric and surface effects. The signal is nearly linear in the function of intrinsic atmospheric reflectance, the actual target reflectance, and two average ground reflectances, angular and spatial, to be defined. Contrast reduction by the atmosphere, defined in the cases of Lambertian and directional ground reflectances, has been evaluated using this formulation.

© 1979 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: March 1, 1979
Published: November 1, 1979

D. Tanre, M. Herman, P. Y. Deschamps, and A. de Leffe, "Atmospheric modeling for space measurements of ground reflectances, including bidirectional properties," Appl. Opt. 18, 3587-3594 (1979)

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