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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 18, Iss. 3 — Feb. 1, 1979
  • pp: 265–269

Mountain shadow phenomena

William Livingston and David Lynch  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 18, Issue 3, pp. 265-269 (1979)

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Regardless of profile, whether flat topped or pointed, to the summit observer all mountain peaks cast triangular shadows when the sun is low. A theory for such anomalous shadows is developed. The shadow apex angle is shown to depend only on the ratio of the breadth of the mountain to its height.

© 1979 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: May 25, 1978
Published: February 1, 1979

William Livingston and David Lynch, "Mountain shadow phenomena," Appl. Opt. 18, 265-269 (1979)

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  1. M. Minnaert, I. Licht en Kleur in het landschap (Thieme and Cie, Zutphen, 1968).
  2. , Mt. Washington Obs. Bull. 14, 52 (1973).
  3. , Mt. Fuji, Japan Times, Ltd.Tokyo (1970).
  4. H. Arakawa, Weather 16, 220 (1961). [CrossRef]

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